Archive for March, 2018


March 31, 2018: a new episode of The Anatomy Lesson at 11pm EST on CFRC 101.9 Fm. Music by EVITCELES, Rhythm Of Cruelty, Psychic Hotline, MYMK, Gel Nails, THUGWIDOW, Suum Cuique + more. Check out the setlist below, tune in at 101.9 on your FM dial, stream at http://audio.cfrc.ca:8000/listen.pls or listen to the archive at cfrc.ca or on mixcloud here: https://www.mixcloud.com/cameronwillis1232/the-anatomy-lesson-march-31-2018/

Rhythm of Cruelty – “In Passing” Dispossession (2018)
Drew McDowall + Hiro Kone – “Bright Kiss of Kire” The Dream of George Bataille (2018)
Dual Action – “County Line” Nightmare Angel Of The Expressways (2014)
MYMK – “Juggernaut” The Memory Fog (2017)
Normal Nada – “Kakarak 1 / Kakarak 2” Transmutação Cerebral (2015)
Thugwidow – “Now It Makes Me Think of Death (feat. Sangam)” Dead Colony (2017)
JPEGMAFIA – “Rock N Roll Is Dead” Veteran (2018)
Oil Thief – “A Dawning Protectorate” Colors of Devotion (2018)
Gel Nails – “Event Horizon” Cool Spam From The Inventors of Purgatory (2018)
Dialect – “Sinkhole” Loose Blooms (2017)
Yaporigami – “When Are You” Why Are You (2016)
Suum Cuique – “Kuiper Anomaly” Ascetic Ideals (2012)
serpentwithfeet – “Redemption” Blisters (2016)
Psychic Hotline – “Probable Cause” Planned Obsolescence (2017)
Evitceles – “Exhausted Lust” Imperfect Charm (2017)

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“A Convict Escapes,” Kingston Daily Standard. March 30, 1912. Pages 01 & 08.

“Joseph Chatrand Scaled Penitentiary Wall and Got Away Safe.


This is the Second Time the Man, Who Is Insane, Has Got Away from Prison – Search Parties After Him – Cleverly Planned.
Joseph Chartrand, an insane convict, made his second escape from Portsmouth Penitentiary some time between midnight and two o’clock this (Saturday) morning.

The convict sawed through bars, substituting black paper, and scaled prison walls with aid of a rope.

He escape the first time on May 6th, 1906, and was captured a month later.

A reward of $50 is offered for his capture.

He may have crossed over the ice.
Somewhere, perhaps within a short distance of Kingston, a maniac convict from Portsmouth Penitentiary roams at large.  he may have got away on a freight train or possibly crossed over on the ice into the United States.

This morning between midnight and two o’clock Joseph Chartrand, a lifer in the Penitentiary, made his escape from the building for insane convicts. The prisoner, who is a desperado, duplicated the performance he pulled off on May 6th, 1906.

When on that date, six years ago, the morning gong was rung to summons the men of stripes, ‘No. 934,’ otherwise known as Joseph Chartrand, was an ‘absentee.’

It was a revelation to the officials and inmates of the ‘Bastille,’ when it was found that one of the inmates had escaped, for there are few who are landed behind the walls of stone and bars of iron that get out till their time is finished or he is pardoned. It is an exceedingly rare occurrence when a convict takes ‘French leave.’ The convict in question is half French and half Indian.  His original home was Montreal and from there he drifted to Ottawa.  Afterwards he went up to the Soo. He found employment as a trapper and combined that life with that of a rough sailor.  in this place his untamed spirit found vent and got him into trouble.

Killed A Policeman.
One night in a fracas he resisted arrest and killed a policeman.  

For three days he was a fugitive and when found a portion of his body whas buried in slime in the woods.  he was still alive and was convicted and handed over to the tender mercies of the Dominion hangman Ratcliff. Then the mercy of the misguided public came into force and the plea of temporary insanity was sufficient to commute his sentence and he came down to the big Portsmouth institution.

On his way down he threatened the life of his penal conductor.  After being locked up he became offensive and violent. The prisoner is described as follows: He is 40 years old, height 5 feet, 9, rather sallow complexion, high cheek bone and large nose, thin body, grey eyes, brown hair, two scars below knee, berth mark on back of thigh and leg.

Cut Through Bars.
The [1906] escape was made by cutting the bars of his cell and window and scalling over the prison walls with the aid of sash cords taken from the window. Chartrand cunningly placed a dummy in his bed, made up of flower pots.  After a month and eight days’ liberty, Chartrand was captured in a very clever manner by a woman on a farm near Mallorytown.

Prison Bell Clanged.
The clang of the prison bell about two o’clock this morning alarmed the slumberers of the people of the peaceful village of Portsmouth.  To the guards living in the village and the city it was a summons to report at the big penal institution.  Before the last sound of the bell had died away, guards and keepers were making their way towards the big stone building on the hill, where it was found that Joseph Chartrand had once more taken French leave.  Just what direction the man took would be hard to determine.  The ice is still good between Kingston and the American shore.  Friday night the moon shone clear across the frozen surface and there would be little risk in a desperate convict attempting to duplicate the exploit of Blake Robson, Shott and Wright who crossed the ice on a bitter cold night to Cape Vincent.

Perhaps Boarded Freight.
Warden Platt was of the opinion that Chartrand took his direction towards Collins’ Bay and that he would try and board a freight train.  The grade near Dawson’s farm, west of Cataraqui, is a good place for anyone to get on heavy freight trains, and is frequently used by tramps and others who ride the bumbers. No doubt at this place the fugitive might try to board a Grand Trunk freight.

The Same Old Way.
The escape was effected in about the same manner as the way the man got out of the Penitentiary six years ago.  He cut out three bars in the cell door and one from the window.  The work must have taken him some time.  He replaced the bars with imitation ones made of black paper, and in this way deceived the guard.  In some manner the man secured a rope which was found hanging over the wall of the west side of the prison, by the night patrol before the man was missed from the cell.

Searching parties were despatched in all directions and the police at different places were notified by telephone.

Warden Platt has offered $50 for Chartrand’s recapture.

Where Is Chartrand?
Up to the time of going to press no trace has been found of Chartrand, although scores of guards and the police in neighbouring towns had been on the lookout for him.  At the penitentiary, the opinion seems current that the escape convict is hiding within a short distance of the institution.  To-night guards will patrol the Portsmouth shore in case Chartrand is on this side, and should attempt to escape across the ice.  It is possible that guards will search Snake Island this afternoon.  The authorities at Wolfe Island and Cape Vincent have been notified to be on the lookout for Chartrand.”

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David Seymour, “[Refugees in train windows, police officer in foreground, Spain-France border, near Cerbère, France].” Photo-gelatin silver, 1937. David Seymour/Magnum Photos. Gift of Eileen and Ben Shneiderman, 1982

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Barry Philp, “[Parade of pickets carrying signs protesting capital punishments walked for four hours outside the Don jail in 22-degree cold. Mostly of university age; they dispersed; some crying; moments after the notices of the hangings were posted on the jail door. About 100 pickets took part in the demonstration.]” 

Toronto Star archives, 1962. Toronto Reference LibraryBaldwin Collection. Call Number: tspa_0119750f

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“On February 27, 2018, the federal Liberal government announced the gradual reopening of two prison farms in Kingston, Ontario, at the Joyceville and Collins Bay institutions. This announcement marked the successful culmination of a local grassroots campaign which began soon after the initial closure was announced in 2009, and aimed first to save, then later restore, the farms.  Dianne Dowling, a key figure in the campaign as a member of the Save Our Prison Farms (SOPF) committee, concluded that success came from the diversity of the cause’s supporters: “Some people liked the idea that inmates were contributing food to the prison system. Others saw it as good employment training, or as a rehabilitation program, particularly through working with animals.” Although many other issues – from public land use to food security – galvanized members of SOPF, the rehabilitative nature of farming has remained central to the local support for the prison farms.

Perhaps best summarized on the now-defunct Save Our Prison Farms website, this support suggested that “farming provides rehabilitation and therapy through working with and caring for plants and animals.” There is a long history to this view. In fact, claims that prison farming rehabilitates inmates have remained remarkably consistent over more than a century. The reopening of these prison farms provides a necessary opportunity to reflect on where these continuing claims come from, and why, if farming can rehabilitate criminals, it has not succeeded even when part of widespread official policy. More importantly, can prison farming be relevant today, when it is historically rooted in fears of the urban population, an assumption that farms are inherent repositories of moral virtue, and a reliance on coerced labour?

The conviction that farm labour could effectively produce reformed citizens from convicted criminals has, historically, been widespread. C.F. Neelands, Deputy Provincial Secretary for Prisons and Reformatories of Ontario, wrote in 1935 that

at the Industrial Farm, Burwash, a very large proportion [of inmates] enjoy the advantages of work in the open country on the farms and receive the healing influences of direct contact with the soil which is so conducive to restoring sane thought and a proper perspective toward one’s fellow beings.

Neelands served as Superintendent of the Burwash Industrial Farm, and later the chief administrator at the Guelph Reformatory – institutions that used inmates to clear colonized land, practice experimental agriculture, and provide profits for the province while claiming to “make men new”[i] through a closer connection to the land, industrial and vocational training, and less strict discipline.

Both Burwash and Guelph were representative of the “industrial farm” model that developed across Canada shortly before the First World War, as Ontario, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and British Columbia opened new prisons built on an explicitly agricultural model to replace older local jails. The ideal was to provide training that would prepare the inmate for farm work upon release, and to maintain the support of parsimonious governments by providing food and otherwise lowering the costs of incarceration. These dual objectives remained at the heart of the demand for prison farming for a century and a half, and re-emerged as arguments for prison farming by supporters of SOPF.

The industrial farms were given tremendous impetus by the great increases in the urban population of Canada between 1881 and 1921. The rapidly growing industrial cities of the late 19th and early 20th centuries provoked two conclusions in criminologists and penologists. The first, emerging from a broad “environmentalist” consensus about the origin of crimes, saw the moral and infrastructural “decay” and “neglect” in Canadian cities, concentrated in slum areas, as driving the inhabitants to delinquency through poverty, disease and vice. Such views persisted well beyond the “age of light, soap, and water,” as well. One of the most significant documents of Canadian criminology and penology, the 1938 Royal Commission to Investigate the Penal System of Canada, identified the “demoralization of the present day…slackening of religious influences, the loosening of family ties, licentious pictures, publications and magazines” and the influences of “poverty, resulting in over-crowding, semi-starvation, and the absence of facilities for recreation at home” as root causes of crime.

The second conclusion was that the farm, and outdoor work more generally, could be a form of treatment, if not for the conditions of the city, then at least for the criminal symptoms they provoked. Like many other Canadian elites, the 1938 commissioners, committed to expanding prison farms, accepted the dominant “agriculturist” assumptions of the early 20th century that held that the family farm and rural life were the repository of Canadian virtues – religion, family, self-sufficiency, self-control, hard work – and the opposite of the degenerative stimulation of the “jungle” of Winnipeg and the slums of Toronto. Although few reformers seriously advocated widespread resettlement in rural areas, the selective removal of populations considered deviant – from enemy aliens to indigenous children to convicted criminals, especially young delinquents – was widely embraced, with the farm held capable of countering the ‘demoralizing’ effects of urban life.”

– Cameron Willis, “Can Prison Farms Be Saved?Activehistory.ca, March 28, 2018.

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Manuel Orazi (French, born Italy, 1860-1934), Le lieutenant de Saint-Avit et la Mort [Lieutenant de Saint-Avit and Death], 1920-21. Gouache on paper, 113.5 x 154 cm.

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“Balkan Hero Sentenced,” Toronto Globe. March 28, 1914. Page 07.

Is Given Three Years for Stabbing Fellow-countryman.

Paul Metkoff, a Balkan war hero, was a thirst for blood which seems hand to satisfy, who yesterday he was sentenced to three years in the Kingston Penitentiary for stabbing a fellow-countryman, George Gloffkoff, with whom he had been living for five months. When he learned his sentence he became very violent and yelled and shouted in a frantic manner.

Metkoff, who is only nineteen years old, quarrelled with Gloffkoff over the latter’s wife, and the result was that Gloffkoff was severely stabbed in the neck.

For a whole hour the prisoner kept up a roar of rage, in his cell and when Detective Elliott went in to have him photographed and measured he had a severe tussel with the man, who acted like a madman. He was covered with blood caused by hurling himself against the iron bars and rolling on the floor.

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