Posts Tagged ‘canadian farmers’

“Complaints By An Immigrant,” Kingston Daily Standard. June 28, 1913. Page 02.

Relates to Wages and Refreshments.

Man Was Told He Would Receive $30 a Month, But Was Given Only $12.

A recent arrival from the old country, J. A. Rhodes, told The Standard of the disillusions which awaited him in Canada. One of these related to wages. He was told by an immigration agent in London that he would get $30 a month working with a farmer, while his wife would get $12 a month. On arriving here, he hired with a farmer, nothing had been said about wages at the time, the simple-minded immigrant taking the word of the agent at its face value. After he had been working some time the farmer suggested that they come to some agreement regarding wages, and magnanimously offered the man the princely salary of $125 a year. The employer further showed his generosity by suggesting that if he did not want to stay a year, he would pay him $12 a month to the first of September. Of course, this being the haying and harvesting months, the farmer had some idea that the man would probably earn his salary by working from daylight to dark. The immigrant seeing his $30-a-month salary vanishing, naturally demurred, when his employer conveyed the impression that he ought to be highly elated, as his predecessor was content with twenty cents a day.

Mr. Rhodes asked about employment for his wife, and was told by the farmer that he didn’t want her services. Thus, the employee forced the prospect of maintaining an establishment on $125 a year. He failed to see how he could do this without leaving a worrying band of creditors behind him, when he came to forsake this weary world. Accordingly, he looked about for a more remunerative job, and succeeded in finding one as fireman on a boat. Mr. Rhodes, who is a big, husky man, impresses one as being willing to work. 

Another of Mr. Rhodes’ grievances was as to food. He was given to understand that at each stopping place refreshments would be provided. Three families, inclyding ‘Mr. Rhodes’, arrived here at 3 o’clock in the morning, tired and hungry, but it was not until 9 o’clock that morning that they received anything to eat, and then only a small bag of doughnuts had to do three families. The ladies naturally wanted some tea, but they were denied this. And what was true of Kingston Mr. Rhodes said was true of the other stopping places.

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“Two Youths Surrender,” Toronto Globe. March 12, 1919. Page 05.

George and Tony Barberich Act on Advice of Their Friends


Will Face Charge of Desertion, Also That of Attempted Murder

(Special Despatch to The Globe.)
Guelph, March 11. – While a great deal of excitement still prevails in New Germany and the country surrounding it because of the raid by the Dominion Police on Sunday morning, the residents are breathing a little more easily today. The chief cause of all the trouble on Sunday morning, and who managed to make a successful escape into the bush, came into the city and gave themselves up to the local police. They were very promptly locked up and will be kept under close surveillance until the charges against them have been finally disposed of.

Friends Advised Surrender.
The chief factor in their decision to surrender themselves was the arrest yesterday afternoon of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Barberich, the parents. When they were brought to the city their friends realized that the Dominion Police meant business, and, following an interview with them, it was decided to go back home, and if possible, find the fugtives and advise them that the best thing they could do would be to give themselves up to the officers of the law. There was no difficulty experienced in locating them. When they were arraigned in the Police Court they looked as though they had slept out in the bushes for some time, as their appearance was very unkempt.

Only Themselves to Blame.
George was charged with being a deserter under the Military Service Act, in that he did not report for military duty when ordered to do so. He did not appear to understand what was being said to him, but a plea of not guilty was entered, and Sergt. Wilson of the Dominion Police asked that the case be adjourned. Anthony Barberich was charged with the same offence as his brother. He also pleaded not guilty, and his case went over until to-morrow. To those who were present in the court-room it was apparent that neither one of these young men would have succeeded in passing a Medical Board even if they had reported, so that the trouble they are now in they have only themselves to blame for.

Whole Family Arraigned.
This afternoon Inspector Lane and Inspector Duncan came down from London, and the whole Barberich family were again arraigned before the Magistrate. The charge against the parents was that of harboring deserters under the Military Service Act. They were not asked to plead, but will be remanded for a week, cash bail of $5000 for each being deposited for their appearance. George and Tony were charged with being deserters, and Inspector Duncan asked that they, too, be remanded for a week, but the Magistrate ordered that they be kept in jail.

Real Deserter Surrenders.
When the Barberichs drove up to the Police Station they were accompanied by Joseph Bruder, also of New Germany. He is accused of being a real deserter. He did report for military service at London last fall, and was a member of the Western Ontario Regiment. He was given a short leave of absence on October 26, but as he did not return inside of 21 days he became a defaulter. He also gave himself up, and will be turned over to the military authorities at London, and will no doubt be brought before a court martial. An escort will come here for him to-morrow.

Charge of Attempted Murder.
In addition to the charge against the Barberichs’ for desertion. Constable Huber of Kitchener arrived in the city armed with a warrant for George and Tony on a charge of attempted murder. New Germany is in Waterloo county, and as the shooting too place in it, and is an indictable offense, this charge will have to be tried at Kitchener. However the authorities there will have to wait until the military authorities are through before the warrants can be executed.

Constable Geggin, the member of the Dominion Police who was severely wounded on Sunday, is doing well at the General Hospital.

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“Police Beaten By Absentees,” Toronto Globe. March 10, 1919. Page 01 & 02.

One Constable Shot Down in Desperate Fight at New Germany


Officials Are Determined to Apprehend All M.S.A. Defaulters

(Special Despatch to The Globe.)
Guelph, March 9. – There is ample evidence that there are a large number of Germans still in Canada who remain yet undefeated. This fact can be proven by Inspector Wm. Lane of the Dominion Military Police, and the squad of men he took with him out to the village of New Germany, a small German settlement about nine miles from Guelph, and about the same distance from Kitchener, early this morning. As the result of this trip one of the Dominion Police constables, Geggin by name, is in the General Hospital here suffering from a severe wound on the top of the head, while some of the others are badly used up.

Police Come Out Second Best.
From the accounts of the attempt to arrest a number of young men who are alleged to be Group Two absentees under the Military Service Act, there was a regular pitched battle fought in this quiet country district just as the day was about to dawn, the result of which was that the police came off second best, with one casualty. It appears that there have been previous attempts to round up these young fellows who absolutely ignored the terms of the Military Service Act, in declining to report for medical examination when ordered to do so, but very little success has been achieved. The police, however, were not to be outdone, and they planned a raid on a fairly large scale, but the details were kept a secret, and on Saturday the local Military Police were reinforced by a number of men sent down from London by the Provost Marshal.

Little Trouble at Hummell’s
The weather was just about the stormiest of the whole winter, and the snow was almost a foot deep, when four autos with three men and a driver in each one sallied forth at 4.30 o’clock this morning on their mission. Two of the cars went direct to New Germany, while the others went on farther to St. Agatha, St. Jacob’s and the disctrict in the vicinity of Kitchener. It was the first two crews which met with resistance. They drove direct to the home of Joseph Hummell, situated just on the edge of the village of New Germany. Here they did not have much difficulty, although the police had to make threat before their parties gave up. They placed under arrest Joseph Hummell, his son, Charles, and Linns Zinger, his son-in-law, the latter having only just recently been married, and these are in the police cells here to-night.

Hot Reception by Mrs. Berbluch
From the Hummelt home the police drove about half a miler farther to the Berbluch farm house. Here they were after Tony and George Berbluch, two young men of whom it has been said they would never be taken, and so far they have made good in this respect. It was shortly after 5 o’clock when they arrived, and Constable Geggin, who was armed with the necessary papers which entitled him to make a search of the house, went to the front door and rapped. His companions were close behind him. There was no response to the knock, and as the door was unlocked the officers unceremoniously walked in. They were heard Mrs. Berbluch, a woman who is above the average size, and she gave the men a decidedly hot reception. She was in her nightclothes, but she lost no time in calling them robbers and other names, which would not look good in print, and produced a copy of a newspaper which declared that the armistice had signed and the war was over.

This kind of argument had no effect on the men, however, who proceeded to do their duty. They started to find the door leading to the stairway, but Mrs. Berbluch slammed that shut, and when one of the men attempted to force her away she doused him with the liquid contents of a vessel, which temporarily caused his retreat.

Constable Shot Down.
However, the door was forced open and Constable Geggin, closely followed by Constable Forsythe, started to go upstairs. The noise which had been made downstairs, however, had been heard by Tony and George upstairs, and they were prepared for emergencies. When Geggin gout about half way up he saw of the boys standing at the top with a rifle in his hands aimed directly at him, and then followed a report. Geggin fell backwards with a wound in the forehead, and as he fell carried Forsythe with him. In the meantime Constable Gowdy, Inspector Lane and the other officers were taking care of the others in the house, Berbluch Senior being kept in bed. Geggin was so severely wounded that he had to be cared for at once, and he was assisted out to the car, which was some fifty yards away.

Young Men Escape.
After he had been put into the car, Inspector Lane saw one of the Berbluch boys fire a rifle at it, but the bullet went wild, and it was then seen that both of the Berbluchs had made their way safely out of the hoyse. They started to run across a big field with several of the police after them, and rifle and pistol shots were exchanged, but no person was hit. The fugitives made directly for the bush, and as another member of the police became exhausted, it was considered unwise to pursue them into the bush which they knew so well. The officers made their way back through the snow to their cars, and as they did so saw the father sitting on the front doorstep with a rifle in his hands. There was no further trouble, however, the police hurried back to the city with Geggin, as his wound was a severe one. At the hospital it required eight stitches to close it, and tonight a special nurse was required to watch him.

Police Are Determined.
Late to-night the Berbiuch boys are still a large, but the police determined to apprehend them, and it is also possible that the father and mother may be arrested. It is rumored that some of their friends have endeavored to persuade them to give themselves up.

The cars which went to St. Agatha did not get back until 5.30 to-night, and they brought along one prisoner, Anthony Rumig of Jordansburg. The news of the trouble at New Germany spread around the country like wildfire, and the greatest excitement prevails. There are still a large number of young men in this district who have evaded the M.S.A., and the authorities are going right out after them.

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“An 8-Months Search For A Young German,” Toronto Star. January 24, 1919. Page 02.

Farmer Led Dominion Police Merry Chase – Bush Telegraph in Grey County

Like a revelation from the Secret Service Department was the evidence submitted in Police Court today in the case against E. F. Planz, a young German farmer from Grey County, charged with failure to report under the M.S.A. Magistrate Kingsford sat almost speechless on the bench as he listened to the public prosecutor, W. R. Smyth’s, exposure of an organized system of ’bush telegraphs,’ official and clerical connivance and whosesale exemptions and evasions in the German settlements of Bruce and Grey counties.

Mr. Smyth declared that two Dominion policeman had worked from May until January, and it had cost the Dominion Government nearly $600 to arrest this one individual.

According to the evidence submitted, Planz is the owner of an 80-acre farm in the Neustadt district, that community of German-Canadian families over which Reeve Joseph Weber wields influence. His parents are dead. His sister lives with him at home. When the first call for service came Planz received total exemption as a farmer, but when exemptions were abolished and the 20-22-year class was called he immediately became liable again. Instead of reporting he disappeared.

Eight Months’ Search.
‘It seems incredible,’ your Worship, but it is true,’ said Mr. Smyth, ‘that two Dominion policemen should have been trying from May to January to arrrest this man. His crops were harvested and threshed, and his farm continued to be looked after, but he himself could not be found. The bush telegraph was working almost perfectly. Our disbursements in this case have been between $500 and $600.

‘Under the circumstances I ask for special punishment. If the young man is sent to prison that punishment would fall most heavily on his sister. I, therefore, ask that a very heavy fine be imposed – $1,000. My learned friend has consented to that. Five hundred dollars will be paid in cash and the remainder in two equal installments of $250 between now and next September. In that way we will be partially recompensed for our trouble and outlay in the matter.’

In the course of his exposure, Mr. Smyth stated that Reeve Weber’s total contributions for war purposes were $3, and that, in the interests of patriotism, it had been found necessary to remove a clergyman from the village of Tavistock.

Counsel for the defence agreed that if his client had reported for service at the proper time he would undoubtedly have received farm leave, and would have been now fully discharged. But at the same time, argued the lawyer, a $500 fine would sufficiently cover the offence.

Will Pay by Instalment.
Eventually Magistrate Kingsford remanded the accused on his own bail until the 27th, to see if there were any technical difficulties in the way of receiving a fine by instalments, as proposed.

‘I am astonished at what you have told me,’ said His Worship to Mr. Smyth in conclusion. ‘And you say this was not far from Owen Sound. If the men from Owen Sound had known about it, this sort of thing wouldn’t have lasted five minutes.’

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