Posts Tagged ‘fines and charges’

“The economic exploitation of prisoners doesn’t end when they’re released. In 49 states, inmates are charged for the costs of their own incarceration.

The way this works varies. In some states, formerly incarcerated people are sent bills, and in others they are charged fines (sometimes called legal financial obligations, or LFOs). Some states collect the cost of incarcerating someone through windfall statutes, grabbing any inheritances, lottery winnings or proceeds from litigation.

There’s no way to pay these bills ahead of their due dates or work these charges off while in prison, no matter how hard you work. No inmate can earn enough inside to cover the costs of their incarceration; each one will necessarily leave with a bill. The state of Florida, which pays inmate workers a maximum of $0.55 per hour, billed former inmate Dee Taylor $55,000 for his three-year sentence. He would have had to work 100,000 hours, or over 11 years nonstop, at a prison wage to pay for his three year incarceration. Even as a free man working at Florida’s minimum wage of $8.25, he would have to work more than 6,666 hours ― more than three regular work years ― and not spend a penny on anything else to pay it back. 

These debts are impossible for the even hardest-working people to pay off. Most people enter prison poor, and half of formerly incarcerated people are unemployed six months after they leave custody. Those who find jobs after prison will earn very little; the median income for people within one year of their release is $10,090 ― only 55 percent had any earnings at all. This makes paying any type of bill a challenge. The bills for one’s prison time compete with active and essential living expenses like housing, food, utilities and transport. Ex-offenders in the United States owe about $50 billion for various criminal justice costs like pretrial detention, court fees and incarceration costs. It’s estimated that as much 60 percent of a formerly incarcerated person’s income goes toward “criminal justice debt,” even for those who have ostensibly paid their debt to society.  

These debts can make it even harder for a returning citizen to rebuild their life after incarceration, because in 46 states, failure to repay them is an offense punishable by yet more incarceration. A Georgia man named Thomas Barrett pleaded guilty to shoplifting a $2 can of beer and was fined $200 and sentenced to probation, supposedly so he could avoid jail. That was a futile hope, since he was eventually incarcerated after he failed to pay over $1,000 in fees attached to that $200 fine. In Rhode Island from 2005 through 2007, failure to pay court debt was the most common reason that individuals were incarcerated, which means that, in a state that routinely spends around $200 million on corrections every year, the most common reason for incarcerating people there was something other than crime.”


Chandra Bozelko and Ryan Lo, “You’ve Served Your Time. Now Here’s Your Bill.Huffpost, September 16, 2018.

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“‘Bling Pig’ Raid,” Kingston Daily Standard. September 4, 1912. Page 01.

Heavy Sentences Were Imposed On Ten Offenders at Cobalt.

Cobalt, Sept. 4. – The biggest ‘blind pig’ raid in months occurred when the Provincial police rounded up thirteen alleged illegal sellers of liquor here and in South Lorraine. Yesterday ten convictions were registered with Inspector George Morrison, prosecuting. Three cases were adjourned till to-day.

The following are the sentences imposed yesterday: Patrick Redmond, $200 or six months in jail; Alphonse Beland, four months in jail; Spiers Romanus, $100; George Peterson, four months: Luke Farrell, four months; John Major, $300 or nine months; Peter Peterson, $100; Joseph Perreault, ten months; Fred Paquette, $300; Bert Deschenes, twelve months.

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“Sudbury Police Court,” Sudbury Star. August 10, 1918. Page 05.

Magistrate Brodie intimated in Friday morning’s court that from now on he was going to fine all alien enemies for not carrying papers and Mich. Radomski and D. Mumylyk, hailing from Romford, paid ten dollars and costs for failing to have received permission to come to Sudbury.

Peter Yabokoski was found in an intoxicated condition at the C.P.R. depot Thursday night and when he was searched it was discovered that he had left his papers in a grip at Murray Mine where he had been working. It cost him $10 and costs his fount of joy, and five and costs for not having his papers.

Leon  Michiniowicz was charged with not being employed at a useful occupation on the 9th day of July. He stated that he had worked at the Mond smelter at Coniston but had left owing to ‘his work injuring his health.’ At the time of his arrest he was learning to run a jitney car and at the preent has a jitney. His worship in dismissing the case gave Michniowicz a chance, seeing that he had worked at the smelter five years.

Jules Chalifoux, who was arrested sometime ago for stealing a sum of money on the 3rd of July was allowed to go Friday, owing to the fact that the plaintiff in the charge cannot be located.

A Conistion party appeared Thursday morning to have a family quarrel straightened out. Peter Petryna claimed that Tomas Bilyj had trhown a bottle at him and struck him on the back as he was removing some cases which Bilyj had thrown on the defendant’s property. Much abusive language was exchanged reflecting on both families and the complaint was laid as a result. Magistrate Brodie told the parties interested that the affair was a small thing, expressing a hope that they would go back and live in harmony with one another, and try to patch up there differences. Bilyj was fined $1 and costs.

On Wednesday, Alex. Juval requested the court to let his charge of having liquor in other than a private dwelling stand over until Thursday morning, and after having slept over it, he pleaded guilty to the charge and paid $200 and costs.

The charge against E. Waugh of having more than fifteen days’ supply of flour on hand was dismissed on Thursday, as the court was convinced that he did not have an over supply of flour at one time. In fact, evidence was brought forward to the effect that it would only last him about fifteen days.

When Nathaniel James was told that he was charged with being drunk he pleaded guilty and told his Worship that he was drinking Three Star brandy. It cost Nat. $10 and costs, and he was told that if he didn’t leave the stars alone it would be a prison term next time.

Horace Chamberlain admitted that he was in a hurry and that he passed a standing street car while pasengers were alighting.

‘If you are willing to take those chance it will cost you $5 and costs,’ said his Worshhip.

Hilda Maki, Coniston, after having just been released from the reformatory, again appeared at the court Thursday. The magistrate did not read any charge against the woman, but remanded her to enable two physicians to examine her and ascertain the condition of her mental faculties.

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“Robbed Visitor, Goes to Prison,” Toronto Star. August 5, 1910. Page 10.

Nine Months for Edward Walsh – The Money Goes Back to His Victim


George Empey Went Back to His Former Boarding House and Stole $42/
Because the bills found on Edward Walsh corresponded with those taken from Thomas White, a Californian, Walsh will go to the Central for nine months. It was some days ago that the charge was laid. White had been met at the station by two strangers, drinks followed, then he slept in a downtown hotel, and $245 disappeared from his pocket. The bills were on the First National Bank of Los Angles, and $150 of the same bank were found on Walsh by Detective Taylor. White gets the roll of $150.

Irene Britton, convicted as frequenter of a house of ill-fame, was fined ten dollars and costs.

Robbed Former Landlord.
Claiming that Grover Empey went back to his former boarding house, 188 Spadina avenue, entered during the night and stole $42, the proprietor, John Cansaul, pressed the charge against him in this morning’s Police Court.

‘Took it while I was sleeping,’ complained Cansaul, and the young man did not deny it.

He goes to the Central for four months, and any money found goes back to the owner.

Court Visitor Locked Up.
Herscharn Hertz, for many weeks a familiar figure about the court room as spectator, has been taken into custody, and will be examined by a doctor.

Ernest Carter was remanded a week on two charges of theft, $30 from A. E. Hockins, and a gold ring from Mrs. R. J. Moyes. To the theft of the former amount from his employer, the plea was guilty, but the boy’s mother was in court to press for leniency. 

They Were Acquitted.
‘He didn’t say anything to me about borrowing a few feeds of oats,’ said George Brennan, flatly contradicting the story of Ernest Amos, who was charged jointly with Charles Howard with the theft of a bag of eats from George Stevenson.

It was one to one on the evidence, for Howard had not heard the conversation. No records were against the two young men, so the charges were dismissed.

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“An Employment Bureau In Court,” Toronto Star. August 5, 1910. Page 05.

Police Will Probe It – One of the Patrons Says He Was Victimized.


Keeps Edward Gibson on Short Fare at the Jail for a Month More.

Before Magistrate Denison to-day John C. Smith and A. C. Dean got $3.05 from him under misrepresentation, so the charge was theft. Dean conducts an employment agency in Front street and Smith stated that he paid over his dollar for registration and the balance represented a single ticket to Dundalk, where he was informed there was plenty of work.

‘Two of us went,’ continued Smith, ‘but when we got there Dean’s agent laughed at us and said there was no work.’

‘Better have that looked into,’ instructed the magistrate. ‘It may be a regular occurrence.’

Mr. Corley agreed, and the case stands for a week until Campbell, the Dundalk representative, may be produced as witness.

Edgar Bunker Acquitted.
Who took the book of tickets from the Toronto Ferry Company’s office is yet unsolved. Edgar Bunker has been acquited. Several days ago he gave the name of Wm. Cunningham as the man who had passed the tickets on to him.

Got them in a lodging house on Pearl street in April,’ explained Cunningham. ‘Somebody put them in my kit.’

He is a fireman on the Richelieu line.

‘It’s quite possible,’ put in Detective Taylor. ‘I know the people who go to the house.’

Accordingly, the charge was dismissed.

Assaulted a Policeman.
For the assault which was made on Constable John Donoghue 28 days ago in Sackville street at night Edward Gibson will go back to jail for 30 days. Donoghue spent several days under medical attention; his ear was badly cut by a bottle. The trouble arose while the officer was arresting William Allen on a charge of disorderly conduct. They resisted, and the damage followed. Allen and two others, Robert Barry and Warren Ellis, were fined $10 and costs each for roughness. Gibson, they identified as the wielder of the bottle. In addition to his 28 days, he will spend 30 more in jail.

For an assault upon Edward Scott, bartender of the Claremont House, John Donohue will go to the jail for 40 days.

Back to Buffalo.
The Buffalonian, J. R. Smith, whom Constable Koster followed through a cellar window at 53 St. George street at five o’clock in the morning a week ago, has promised to vacate Toronto. With a chance, he would go right across the border, for he had only gone in for a sleep. Nothing was missing so the chance was forthcoming.

A Horse in Bad Shape.
Adolphe Meyers will have to submit his horse to a medical examination Constable Carlyle had found the animal suffering and laid a charge of cruelty to animals. The nose, he said, was inflamed, the animal fell down apparently from suffocation, it ‘had been beaten unmercifully,’ and was given no food but grass, which it could not eat on account of the condition of its throat.

Magistrate Denison suggested shooting but a veterinary will be called instead.

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“Copper Cliff Police Court,” Sudbury Star. August 3, 1918. Page 04.

For driving his auto without front lights Negosanti Wario, an Italian, was fined $1 and costs in Wednesday’s police court.

Geo. Lark, of Sudbury, paid $1 and costs for driving his car without a front marker.

Henry Renni, Finlander, also failed to burn two front lights, and paid $1 and costs. The law now is that both lights, not one as formerly, must be burning after dusk.

Richard Death, Sr., charged with having neither front or rear lights, produced a witness, in addition to himself to counteract the evidence of the policeman, and was given the benefit of the doubt by Magistrate Stoddart.

In Friday’s police court, Leone Satore, Italian, drunk in Copper Cliff on July 19th, paid $20 and costs. An analysis of the liquor which proved his undoing, showed it to be 19.87 per pecent. proof spirits, and Crema Mario, the owner, paid $200 and costs for a breach of the O.T.A. in having liquor in other than a private place.

Henry Rintamski, a returned soldier, neglected to burn a rear light on his motor cycle, and was let down with payment of court costs.

P. J. Grenon didn’t have either rear or side lights on his side-car motor cycle. $1 and costs.

Liugi Palma, Italian, parted with $1 and costs for failing to burn front lights.

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“Disturbance at Portsmouth,” Kingston Daily Standard. July 23, 1912. Page 08.

Longshoremen employed at unloading a coal boat at Portsmouth created a disturbance at the Bay last night as the result of indulging too freely. Village Constable Cross was at the scene of the disturbance, and succeeded in arresting one member of the gang. At a special session of the police court at the village hall the prisoner was brought before Magistrate Hunter and fined $5 and costs for disturbing the peace.

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“Year’s Term Given In Relief Frauds,” Montreal Star. July 21, 1938. Page 04.

Judge Tells Prisoner His Case Is Worst He Ever Head Of

Charles Renaud, who obtained $1,771.99 from the Relief Commission under another man’s name, was sentenced to 12 months’ imprisonment by Judge Langlois today.

‘Your case is the worst I have ever heard of,’ Judge Langlois remarked when Renaud appeared before him for sentence. His Honor pointed out that Renaid, using the name of Cyril Picard, had obtained over $1,700 from the Relief Commission in the past four years. ‘You were also guilty of impersonation and could be sentenced to a penitentiary term for that alone,’ the judge remarked, sentencing him to 12 months in jail.

Renaud gave his address as 3960 Rivard street.

Raymond Tessier, 43, who have his address as 1181 Union Avenue, apt. 8, pleaded not guilty to four fraud charges when arraigned before Judge Langlois. Trial was fixed for July 28. According to the complaint, Tessier obtained amounts ranging from $6 to $22 by cashing four allegedly worthless cheques made out to the order of ‘Prof. Raymond Tessier’ and bearing the signature, ‘Louis Mondon, Superior College, St. Jean.’ At the request of police His Honor remanded the accused to detective headquarters for three days.

Sentence was reserved by the court until Friday in the case of three boys giving the names and addresses of Marcel Laveillee, 17, 2190 Frontenac, Maurice Rainville, 18, 1854 Iberville, and Leopold Christin, 19, 2023 Frontenax street, who pleaded guilty to receiving stolen goods valued at $50.

Albert Robertson, who have his address as 359b Murray street, admitted before Judge Langlois today that he stole $249 from Mrs. Blanche Chevrier, 2585 Delisle street, on July 17 to buy a car. Sentence was reserved until September 16 by the court to give Robertson a chance to reimburse Mrs. Chevrier.

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“Express Men Are Accused Of Theft,” Hamilton Spectator. July 21, 1919. Page 18.

Trio Remanded Until Tomorrow For Hearing

Alien Heavily Fined For Carrying Knife

Only One Crock Owner Roped in Since Saturday

In police court to-day, James Shuler, a husky brave from Hagersville, faced a charge of assaulting Mrs. George Oram, as she was waiting for a car in the Terminal station. James denied having assaulted anyone.

‘Are you an Indian?’ the magistrate asked.

‘Oh, I guess I’m a mongrel,’ replied Shuler with a grin.

‘Well, you are fine $10. You’ve got to learn that women must not be molested,’ the court pronounced.

Charles Burton, Sylvester Riddell and John Kivelle, three trainmen, were accused of stealing from the Canadian Express Company. The case was remanded for one day. All three young men come from Allandale.

On the request of his attorney, Alec. McFarlane, Thomas Finnigan, 100 Napier Street, was remanded for one week. He was charged by John Hodges with false pretences and by James Clancey with theft. Mr. McFarlane explained that the charges were not of a serious character and related to some differences between partners which he thought could be settled within a week’s time. Finnigan was allowed to go on his own recognizance.

Martin Phillips, who was arrested in New York several days ago on a charge of stealing money order blanks from the Dominion Express company, was granted one day’s remand by the magistrate. Phillips pleaded for time to consult a lawyer.

P. C. Roughead noticed Andrew Walaskan, 127 Cannon Street east, walking down the street and acting in a most suspicious manner. A search of Walashan’s person revealed a small bottle of alcohol and the shattered fragments of the O.T.A. tinkled on the sidewalk about him. Andrew admitted the breach. 

‘Fined $200,’ the magistrate decreed.

When Van Cabarich, 922 Burlington street east, was searched, the police found a long, keen, steel knife in his belt. Cabarick admitted carrying the weapon.

‘One hundred dollars or three months in jail,’ the magistrate promptly declared.

When P.C. Myers was wandering up Maple avenue he saw a group of boys standing in a circle.

‘They were going through the motions of shooting crap,’ he explained.

Three of the group, Fergus Fitzgerald, 166 Florence street; Gordon Weaver, 66 Locke street, and Frank Sheehan, 67 Inchbury street, swore that there had been no gambling going on, and the magistrate dismissed the case.

Juan Powzzy, an olive-skinned native of Mexico, was arrested by Detective Shirley yesterday on suspicion of vagrancy. He gave Toronto as his address and was remanded for one day to enable the police to investigate his past life.

Louis Louin, 95 Birmingham street, was drunk early this morning. He was assessed $20.

‘Were’s you drunk yesterday?’ the court asked George Blaicher, Mount Hamilton.

‘Yesterday?’ George faltered. ‘Why, I was sick.’

But the court didn’t believe it, and charged Blaicher $20.

S. B. Fuller, 170 Stanley avenue, allowed his car to be parked on the cab stand and was fined $2.

‘There’s nine cars parked on the cab stand now,’ remarked Fuller as he left the court.

H. E. Smye, 164 Duke street, succeeded in driving his motor-car 28 miles an hour on Main street east yesterday afternoon. He paid $10 for the little prank.

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“Woman Spanked Her Neighbor’s Daughter,” Toronto Star. June 23, 1909. Page 14.

Because the Child Wouldn’t Stay Away – Magistrate Ellis Thought it a Pardonable Action.

Before Magistrate Ellis Vendetta Cairo was charged with obstructing the street cars with his buggy. Cairo stated that he did not get off the tracks because a funeral was going along the road, and he couldn’t turn off. His Worship, however, thought that he could have found an opportunity from Wood to Scollard street, on Yonge, if he had looked for it very hard.

He was fined $2 and costs or 10 days.

William Turner is only sixteen, a little boy, really, but he annoyed Joseph H. Arnot’s wife, which was distasteful to Arnot. So he spoke to Turner. Turner responded with a blow, and this cost him $2.35.

Pello Zanella and Frank Joe, were each fined $2 without costs or 10 days for selling refreshments within a hundred yards of Bellwoods Park.

Charlie Jeon sold peanuts within 100 yards of the entrance to a park, and did it two days in succession. He was fined $5 or 10 days.

Mary Smith, very deaf and shaky, denied owning a dog, but said one came around to her place every now and then. It had no license, so his Worship advised her to take it to the police station and get it destroyed.

‘Will you give me a ticket?’ she asked.

‘Just go the station, open the door, and shove the dog in,’ advised the magistrate. 

Mrs. Prudence Launderhue spanked a neighbor’s child. The child was Laura Hogg, and, according to the lady, the girl had come into her yard and bothered her children until she could stand it no longer.

Magistrate Ellis thought that sometimes this course was pardonable, and so adjourned the case until called on.

Albert E. Thurloe has lately become a landlord, and he was so anxious to eject Mrs. Wilhelmina Asher that he laid information of trespass against her on June 12. But this was a number of days before he was really landlord, so his Worship dismissed the case with costs, which meant $2.35 out of the gentleman’s pocket.

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“Police Officer Attacks Witness,” Toronto Star. June 19, 1909. Page 09.

Inspector Archibald Says Things, But Magistrate Ellis Disagrees.

Cases in the Police Court

Street Railway Incidents – The Dog Troubles – Cutting Corners.

‘Cuttin’ catty corners’ was the unusual charge against Thomas Earles in the afternoon Police Court, at least that was the charge he pleaded guilty to. 

A constable said he went around the wrong side of the intersection of Bathurst and College streets.

Magistrate Ellis said that if there had been a lot of vehicles, an automobile or two, and a crowd, such tactics might have resulted in a smash-up but Mr. Earles explained that there wasn’t anybody in sight except the car and a constable.

‘How long have you in Toronto?’ the Magistrate asked.

‘Twenty years,’ was the answer.

‘Then I’ll fine you $1 and costs just to wake you up,’ decided his Worship.

Abraham Pepofski refused to answer to the names of Preposterous and Crackerjack, both of which were tried before the right name came.

He had the kind of dog you have to pay $5 a year license for, and had her without the license.

Her age was seven months, and Mr. Preposterous-Crackerjack-Pepofski was let go on condition that he buy one at once.

A Marvelous Dog.
James Porter got somewhat tangled up over the story of his little dog. It had the necessary age, but not the necessary license, it appears.

‘How old is the dog?’ asked Magistrate Ellis.

‘He’s eight months old, and I don’t own him,’ said Porter. ‘He had a license last year,’ mused his Worship. ‘It will be $1 and costs.’

If George Murray had hurried up a little and got home with his dog tag before the summons against him for not having one had arrived, he might have saved one bone.

But the summons got there first, so he had to divide up with the court clerk.

Talked to a Conductor.
The mere desire to push a man’s face if expressed in language may be expensive.

John Tate, a street car conductor, said that John Daly had called him unusual things because he wanted to collect night fares on a night car.

‘I got on the car before midnight and he never asked for it till afterwards. He hadn’t any night card up when I got in. I never called him those things. I just said I wished I had him off the car for five minutes, that’s all,’ said Daly.

Bellicose remarks come high: this one was construed into disorderly conduct, and the fine was one and costs.

In the Way of Cars.
Philip Caro wasn’t going to hurry up the funderal he was conducting for any old street car that might clang its bell behind him.

Consequences: Police Court summons for obstructing the tracks.

‘Sure I was on the tracks – with a funeral,’ explained Caro.

‘He blocked the tracks from College street to North Toronto, and there were four cars behind him,’ explained Roadmaster Nix.

‘How could I turn out an’ the whole road tore up?’ demanded Caro.

But more witnesses will be heard before, this case off the calendar. More about it next Tuesday.

Fought the Street Railway.
Wallace John Manley put it all over the Street Railway Company, as the saying is. They had him up for not paying his fare on a King Street car.

‘I asked the conductor whether his car went to Oak street, on the other side of Scarbor Beach Park, and he said ‘Yes.’ I got on and went down. The car turned around at Scarboro Beach, and when I saw it was going back I asked for a transfer, and he refused to give me one. I came back down to Church street and reported him in the offices.’

The conductor denied a good deal of this, and stoutly maintained that Manley should have got his transfer where he paid his fare.

‘Oh these conductors don’t need to be like cedar posts,’ said the magistrate. ‘They don’t need to carry out a rigid rule, no matter how much they inconvenience the public. Somebody’s lying, and I don’t know who it is. The case is dismissed.’

Noisy Too Early.
John McLaughlin, William Herbert, William Brown, and Percy Kenyon had a sangerfest, and a cussing bee on Parliament street in the early hours of the morning, according to a policeman. They were the picture of injured innocence in the Police Court.

According to their story, the constable rushed out of a lane in the dark and jumped into their buggy, they being as sober as judges and very quiet.

The magistrate, however, couldn’t imagine a policeman doing anything as strange, and the protesting four were assessed one dollar and costs apiece.

Attacking a Witness.
Chief Inspector Archibald is exceedingly fond of accusing Police Court witnesses of being drunk. That the witness in question has not had a drink at all is a mere detail. The officer frequently has to back down, but he has never been known to apologize.

John Varley was the victim this time. He was the complainant against John Sweet in an alleged assault, and was very nervous.

‘I don’t think the man is in a condition to go on,’ said the Inspector.

‘Are you sober?’ Clerk Webb demanded obediently.

‘Yes,’ said Varley.

‘Do you think you would be a good judge?’ asked the magistrate.

‘I think I’m the best judge,’ Varley replied.

He said that Sweet hit him and knocked him down.

‘If he was in the same condition then that he is now he wouldn’t remember,’ persisted the inspector.

‘I don’t think the man’s been drinking,’ said his Worship, decisively. ‘He’s merely nervous.’

The inspector subsided, and the case was adjourned till Tuesday.

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“Vicious Canines Use Their Teeth,” Toronto Star. June 15, 1909. Page 12.

Several Boys Bitten by Dogs of Different Breeds in the Past Few Days.

Police Court Kept Busy

With Cases in Which People Fight to Save Brutes or Fail to Pay Fees.

Five-year-old Gordon Strachan, Roxborough street, bitten by St. Bernard.

Six-year-old David Pringle, 169 Ontario street, bitten by a collie pup.

Two-year-old Harley Faxton, 206 John street, bitten by a coach dog.

Eight-year-old Ernest Belfry, Brunswick Hotal, bitten by a large collie.

Eight-year-old boy Moore, Oak street, arm lacerated by dog.

This is the somewhat formidable list of lads who have suffered dog bites within the last few days in Toronto. At least three breeds of dogs are involved in these cases, and the youngsters ranged from two to eight years of age. In one case, that of the boy who was bitten on Roxborough Street, the St. Bernard, which attacked him, had already bitten two other children.

Unlicensed Dogs.
Many of the curs which frighten and even attack children do not wear license tags. Shorn of his moustache, Magistrate Ellis appeared in afternoon court yesterday to deal with a list of 70 cases, and of these 21 were charges of keeping an unlicensed canine.

Frex Saxton, who had no lawyer to introduce technicalities, was given twenty-four hours to kill a little collie pup, or pay a fine of $10 and costs or go to jail for 20 days. The pup had bitten six-year-old David Pringle, a son of Mr. Frank Pringle, of 169 Ontario street.

St. Bernard Bit a Boy.
Mr. Herman Nerlich, of 78 Chestnut Park road, was charged with keeping “a vicious dog,” a St. Bernard, which bit Gordon Strachan, who was playing with other boys in a vacant lot in Roxborough street east.

Dr. Riordan testified that there were four wounds in the boy’s thigh and two on each forearm. He thought the dog should be killed at once to find if it had rabies.

‘By an examination of the brain we can tell. If the dog has rabies the boy can be sent at once to the Pasteur Institute; if not, there’s no harm done in destroying a vicious dog anyway. If we wait until rabies develop in the dog, it will be too late to save the child.’

‘Hang a man first, and then see whether he’s guilty or not, eh?’ remarked Mr. W. T. J. Lee, counsel for Mr. Nerlich.

Authorities Differ.
Mr. Lee and Dr. Riordan had a warm tilt over the advisability of killing the dog to ascertain if it had rabies. Dr. Riordan quoting Pasteur in favor of killing, and Mr. Lee quoting Dr. Mackenzie in favor of waiting.

Mr. Lee called Dr. Fred Morphy, who said he had studied under Dr. Mackenzie, and had gone to England, Paris, Heidelberg, and Berlin to study. Morphy said the dog shouldn’t be killed. He now has the dog, and is watching him, and there is no sign of rabies.

‘But if the dog is left for two or three weeks and rabies develops what chance has the child?’ inquired counsel of the witness.

‘I’m not treating the child,’ was the doctor’s reply.

They Wanted It Killed.
‘I have a petition here, signed by twenty-five residents of the neighborhood,’ said Mr. Kingston, offering the paper, ‘and it states that in their opinion the neighborhood would be better off if the dog were gotten rid of.’

‘That’s not evidence. I could get a petition up in twenty-four hours to hang you.’

‘And it wouldn’t take long to get one up to hang you,’ retorted Mr. Kingston.

The father’s counsel strengthened his case by producing two other little boys who had been bitten by the dog.

Several witnesses said the dog was a quiet one, and the case was adjourned for a week to see if the boy’s parents and Mr. Nerlich could reach an agreement.

‘I am satisfied that the dog is not fit to be at large,’ declared the Magistrate, ‘but under the present law I cannot enforce any order to destroy it. I can only make an order and inflict a fine if the order is not obeyed. As Mr. Nerlich would pay the fine, we would gain nothing by that.’

Mr. Strachan said he did not want to have Mr. Nerlich fined. He wanted the dog destroyed so that its brain could be examined.

The final decision was to keep the dog in hospital for awhile, or muzzle it if allowed on the street at all.

Another Vicious Attack
In addition to the case of Ernest Belfry, who was reported yesterday as bitten by a big collie, Harley Faxton of 206 John street, was badly lacerated by a coach dog with which he was playing at his home. He is the two year-old son of Mr. Heber Faxton. The child had put his arm around the dog’s neck in play, and was going to kiss it. It turned viciously and bit him in the face, making three deep gashes one three inches long. One fang laid bare the bone, another went right through the cheek. The mother beat off the dog, and carried her baby to a nearby drug store, where the wounds were cauterized. Later the boy was removed to the Sick Children’s Hospital. There is not thought to be any danger of rabies in this case. The dog was allowed to live.

A lad by the name of Moore, living on Oak street, was bitten by a dog on Sackville street last night, but his sleeve saved him, and he was only slightly lacerated.

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“Liquor Peddlars To Lose Autos Magistrate Says,” Sudbury Star. January 25, 1919. Page 01.

In future all automobiles of convicted liquor pedlars will be confiscated, and in addition offenders will render themselves liable to a heavy penalty. This was the warning handed out by Magistrate Brodie in police court this morning when a fine of $400.00 and costs was imposed on Nazzarino Justi, who pleaded guilty to having liquor in his automobile. When arrested accused told the Inspector that he was handling the liquor for someone else.

Trafficing on Increase
In imposing sentence Magistrate Brodie expressed the opinion that trafficing in liquor, which was confined to a certain class of people in Sudbury, Copper Cliff and Creighton, seemed to be on the increase instead of the decrease. The minimum fine imposed in many cases did not seem to stamp out the traffic, as those engaged in the business were careful to see that new men were employed as dupes each time so that a conviction for a second offence could not be secured. His Worship warned that in future the penalty would be increased, and that he would not hesitate to confiscate the first and every automobile caught peddling liquor.

Member of a Ring
Crown Attorney McKessock was of the opinion that the accused was a member of a ring of men engaged in the trafficing of liquor, and that every scheme imaginable had been adopted by the ‘gang’ to deceive the officers of the law. He pleaded that the fine of $200.00 and costs usually imposed was too small and had no effect in stopping the traffic, and asked that a heavy penalty be imposed as a warning to others. It was also thought accused would not have to pay the fine imposed upon him, but would have the assistance of someone else, who was probably responsible. A $400.00 fine was imposed, with an alternative of six months.

Fined for Importing
 A fine of $200.00 and costs, or three months, was imposed on M. Silverman in today’s court for importing liquor from Quebec to Ontario. A box of high wines was shipped to accused from Montreal and delivered at his home, his daughter signing for the parcel. Previous to the delivery the liquor had been spotted by Inspector Kilpatrick. A search of the house was made and the liquor found.

The defence of Silverman was that he did not purchase or order the liquor, and had no knowledge of who the consignee was, although he suspected that some traveller had shipped it to him so that both could have a drink when they met in Sudbury. Silverman denied charges made by the Crown and Inspector that he had been engaged in liquor selling for some time, that he had made a considerable amount of money thereby, and that he was in the habit of inviting lumberjacks to his store and selling them liquor at $7.00 a bottle.

Warned to Be On Guard
In recording a conviction against accused, Magirstrate Brodie warned him to be on his guard in future, as he had been suspected of selling liquor, and a second conviction would mean a term in prison. The confiscation of the liquor imported, and a quantity of Scotch whiskey found in the cellar of accused, was ordered by the court.

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