Posts Tagged ‘finnish immigration to canada’

“Sudbury Police Court,” Sudbury Star. August 10, 1918. Page 05.

Magistrate Brodie intimated in Friday morning’s court that from now on he was going to fine all alien enemies for not carrying papers and Mich. Radomski and D. Mumylyk, hailing from Romford, paid ten dollars and costs for failing to have received permission to come to Sudbury.

Peter Yabokoski was found in an intoxicated condition at the C.P.R. depot Thursday night and when he was searched it was discovered that he had left his papers in a grip at Murray Mine where he had been working. It cost him $10 and costs his fount of joy, and five and costs for not having his papers.

Leon  Michiniowicz was charged with not being employed at a useful occupation on the 9th day of July. He stated that he had worked at the Mond smelter at Coniston but had left owing to ‘his work injuring his health.’ At the time of his arrest he was learning to run a jitney car and at the preent has a jitney. His worship in dismissing the case gave Michniowicz a chance, seeing that he had worked at the smelter five years.

Jules Chalifoux, who was arrested sometime ago for stealing a sum of money on the 3rd of July was allowed to go Friday, owing to the fact that the plaintiff in the charge cannot be located.

A Conistion party appeared Thursday morning to have a family quarrel straightened out. Peter Petryna claimed that Tomas Bilyj had trhown a bottle at him and struck him on the back as he was removing some cases which Bilyj had thrown on the defendant’s property. Much abusive language was exchanged reflecting on both families and the complaint was laid as a result. Magistrate Brodie told the parties interested that the affair was a small thing, expressing a hope that they would go back and live in harmony with one another, and try to patch up there differences. Bilyj was fined $1 and costs.

On Wednesday, Alex. Juval requested the court to let his charge of having liquor in other than a private dwelling stand over until Thursday morning, and after having slept over it, he pleaded guilty to the charge and paid $200 and costs.

The charge against E. Waugh of having more than fifteen days’ supply of flour on hand was dismissed on Thursday, as the court was convinced that he did not have an over supply of flour at one time. In fact, evidence was brought forward to the effect that it would only last him about fifteen days.

When Nathaniel James was told that he was charged with being drunk he pleaded guilty and told his Worship that he was drinking Three Star brandy. It cost Nat. $10 and costs, and he was told that if he didn’t leave the stars alone it would be a prison term next time.

Horace Chamberlain admitted that he was in a hurry and that he passed a standing street car while pasengers were alighting.

‘If you are willing to take those chance it will cost you $5 and costs,’ said his Worshhip.

Hilda Maki, Coniston, after having just been released from the reformatory, again appeared at the court Thursday. The magistrate did not read any charge against the woman, but remanded her to enable two physicians to examine her and ascertain the condition of her mental faculties.

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“Copper Cliff Police Court,” Sudbury Star. August 3, 1918. Page 04.

For driving his auto without front lights Negosanti Wario, an Italian, was fined $1 and costs in Wednesday’s police court.

Geo. Lark, of Sudbury, paid $1 and costs for driving his car without a front marker.

Henry Renni, Finlander, also failed to burn two front lights, and paid $1 and costs. The law now is that both lights, not one as formerly, must be burning after dusk.

Richard Death, Sr., charged with having neither front or rear lights, produced a witness, in addition to himself to counteract the evidence of the policeman, and was given the benefit of the doubt by Magistrate Stoddart.

In Friday’s police court, Leone Satore, Italian, drunk in Copper Cliff on July 19th, paid $20 and costs. An analysis of the liquor which proved his undoing, showed it to be 19.87 per pecent. proof spirits, and Crema Mario, the owner, paid $200 and costs for a breach of the O.T.A. in having liquor in other than a private place.

Henry Rintamski, a returned soldier, neglected to burn a rear light on his motor cycle, and was let down with payment of court costs.

P. J. Grenon didn’t have either rear or side lights on his side-car motor cycle. $1 and costs.

Liugi Palma, Italian, parted with $1 and costs for failing to burn front lights.

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“Do Young Finns Destroy Papers To Evade M.S.A.?” Sudbury Star. May 4, 1918. Page 05.

Canadian Naturalization Papers Rare in This District.

It is the general belief in official circles here that many young men of foreign birth, other than aliens, have destroyed their Canadian naturalization papers to evade military service. Since the advent of conscription the experience of the police has been that a naturalization paper is a very rare thing, and a raid on Finland Hall, Copper Cliff, Wednesday evening, only served to strengthen the belief already held. None of the young men of military age questioned by the police had naturalization papers, despite the fact that hundreds were taken out in this district prior to the war.

The raid was made by the Dominion police, assisted by some members of the municipal and company force. A show was in progress when the police entered at 9.40 and the appearance of the officers caused so much consternation that the performance was abruptly stopped. Every male in the hall was questioned while all exits were guarded. Nine young men who had no papers whatever were taken into custody. In police court they were fined $1 and costs each for a contravention of section 16 of the M.S.A. in not having the necessary papers to assure their identity. Meanwhile the men who were fined have secured affidavits as to their nationality.

A Real Haymaker.
Nora Laroche, a Creighton woman of middle age and hefty proportions, handed K.


, her landlord, a regular ‘haymaker’ the other day following an argument. The blow, or blows, were reinforced by a drinking glass and it required five stitches to repair Acquino. Nora wanted to have a dance in her apartment, but the landlord refused, saying the floor was unsafe. This started the fracas. She was fined $10 and costs.

He Stole Liquor.
The eagle eye of Mrs. A. Delavadova, of Creighton Mine, even at 2 a.m. in the morning, detected a shadow near the chicken coup and this was where the liquor was kept ‘to keep it out of sight of the children.’ The mysterious form moved stealthily, entered the chicken coup, placed 34 bottles in a bag and departed. He was followed, however, and seen to plant his feet under soome camouflage. Next morning, however, a search revealed only nine bottles, while three empties were found at Enrico’s house. He was sentenced to three months at Burwash.

Expensive Drinks
Three of the young Finlanders taken in the raid on Finland Hall Wednesday evening were intoxicated. They admitted drinking liquor in a public place and each paid a fine of $200 and costs.

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Ethnic tensions and settlement in early 20th century northeastern Ontario, from Kerry M. Abel, Changing Places: History, Community, and Identity in Northeastern Ontario. Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen’s Press, 2006. pp. 287-290.

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“Sent Money to Defend I.W.W. Prisoners,” Sudbury Star. January 15, 1919. Page 04.

Evidence Disclosed at Trial of Finns at Copper Cliff.

Victor Salo, Copper Cliff, $20.00 and costs or six months.

Henry Toivanan, Copper Cliff, $100.00 and costs or three months.

John Wurta, Creighton Mine, suspended sentence on payment of costs.

Evidence that Victor Salo, Copper Cliff, had in his possession when arrested on October 20th, 1918, receipts showing money paid for the defence of I.W.W. prisoners arrested in the United States, was an outstanding feature of the trial of three Finns in Copper Cliff this week on a charge of having in their possession objectionable literature which was banned by orders-in-Council. Salo was a member of the Marx Club of Copper Cliff, a Finnish organization, and a cash book belonging to that society was also found in his possession or under his control. Salo was convicted by Magistrate Stoddart and fined $200.00 and costs or six months. Henry Toivanan and John Wurta were found guilty of having banned books and literature in their possession, the former being fined $100.00 and costs or three months, while Wurta was given suspended sentence on payment of costs, the court taking into consideration the fact that he had given good evidence and appeared an honest witness.

Court Scores Disloyalty
Victor Salo was characterized by Magistrate Stoddart as being the worst offender of the three. His Worship strongly condemned the disloyalty and lack of sympathy and help of the accused for their own people. There were several Finnish families in Copper Cliff who last year received charity at the ends of the town while money was being sent out to the United States in defence of I. W. W. members who had been arrested for their disloyalty in the United States. Magistrate Stoddart stated that it was hard to understand how the accused had acted in this manner and he felt justified in imposing a heavier fine on Salo for his part in the transactions. He hoped that this would prove a lesson to him and those associated with him in violation of the law.

Made Lengthy Plea
For over an hour Tuesday afternoon A. D. Meldrum, counsel for Toivanen and Wurta, sought to convince the court that not one book or leaflet found in the possession of his clients was objectionable within the meaning of the orders-in-Council cited by the Crown. Mr. Meldrum argued that these books and papers were merely scientific and political, and were not objectionable in any sense. He also endeavored to point out that his clients had no desire to violate the law, and had made every effort to comply with the regulations prescribed in the orders-in-Council.

Magistrate Stoddart held that the literature in question was in his opinion objectionable and being found in the possession or under the control of the men, they were guilty of a violation of the law.

For the Crown G. M. Miller did not press for a severe sentence, but asked that a conviction be recorded.

Appealed for Client
J.A. Mulligan, counsel for Salo, asked the court to be lenient with his client in view of his past record as a good citizen, and because of the fact that he has a large family. His client admitted that he was in the wrong, but sought to have the matter disposed of as leniently as possible.

With this appeal Magistrate Stoddart was not in sympathy, remarking as already noted that Salo was the worst transgressor of the three.

The trial of the three men lasted two days, and the hearing of the arguments the greater part of Tuesday.

Case May Be Appealed
It is understood that the conviction against Henry Toivanen will be appealed to Judge Kehoe, to be heard in the Division Court along with other appeals from the decision of Magistrate Brodie.

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“Evidence Heard in Trial of Finns,” Sudbury Star. January 11, 1919. Page 04.

Charges Against Three Men of Having Banned Literature Keep Police Court Busy.

The trial of Henry Toivonen, John Wurta, Copper Cliff, and Victor Salo, Creighton Mine, on charges of having in their possession objectionable literature, contrary to certain orders-in-council, engaged the attention of Magistrate Stoddart in police court on Thursday and Friday. The evidence in the three cases was completed last evening, and judgement reserved until the arguments for the Crown and the defence are heard on Tuesday next M. G. M. Miller acted for the Crown, J. A. Mulligan and A. D. Meldrum for the accused men, and George Holm, Toronto, as official translator for the Government.

Arrested In General Round-Up
The three men were arrested by Chief Clark on Sunday, October 20th, on which date arrests were made throughout the country by order of the Department of Justice at Ottawa. In the homes of accused were found a number of books, pamphlets, and periodicals in the Finnish language, paragraphs being found in these which were contrary to the orders-in-council passed at different times during 1918. The books, etc., were sent to Ottawa for translation.

Accused Admit Guilt
A feature of the trials of both days was the admission by the accused that they had some of the books and other literature in their possession, although ignorance of certain of the orders-in-council was claimed. The well-distributed book, ‘Bolsheviki and the World Peace,’ was found in the possession of one of the men, while the rest of the seizure included many books, calendars, and pamphlets in the Finnish language.

Aroused Much Interest.
As in Sudbury on three days this week, the trials aroused much interest among local Finns, the court room being crowded all the time. A number of prominent Finns from Sudbury and other parts of the districts were in attendance. 

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“Kallio Guilty Manslaughter Gets 26 Months,” Sudbury Star. December 7, 1918. Page 06.

Special Circumstances Considered by Justice Rose.

A verdict of manslaughter against Justus Kallio who stabbed to death on JUly 5th a fellow countryman during a quarrel in a lonely shack in the township of Broder, was returned by a jury in the Assize Court at four o’clock Friday morning, after four hours’ deliberation. The jury went out at midnight, and returned about three o’clock to ask his Lordship Mr. Justice Rose a question, as they were unable to agree. It is understood that almost until the last some of the jurors favored returning a verdict of manslaughter in self defence.

26 Months’ Sentence
Kallio was sentenced on Friday morning to spend two years and six months in jail, but from this term will be deducted the five months which he has already served awaiting trial. Mr. J. A. Mulligan made an earnest appeal on behalf of his client for a light sentence, referring to his previous good record as a peaceful citizen, and voicing the opinion that a light sentence would doubtless have a deterrent effect on Finlanders throughout the district. The verdict of the jury, Mr. Mulligan stated, was not what he had expected in view of the evidence, but he was satisfied that accused had been given a fair trial, and he was satisfied to abide by the verdict.

The Result of Passion
In passing sentence Mr. Justice Rose stated that in view of his instructions to the jury with regard to returning a verdict of manslaughter, he took it that the verdict of the jury meant that the act which accused have been convicted of was done in the heat of provocation and passion, sufficient to deprive an ordinary person of ordinary control of himself. It had been done before he had sought to give his passion sufficient time to cool. His Lordship stated that he had taken into consideration the previous character of accused as a peaceful and law abiding subject, and he would give full effect to the finding of the jury that the act was done under a sudden passion. His Lordship thought that these considerations justified him in imposing only a light sentence, and he expressed the hope that when he had served his term the prisoner would return to his ordinary occupation, resolved to be more careful than ever before in his contact with his fellow countrymen and others.

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