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“Among Ourselves: What Happens to Juvenile Delinquents,” The Globe and Mail. November 29, 1939. Page 09.

“This question has formed the subject of a follow-up study of 161 boys referred to the Big Brother Movement by the Toronto Juvenile Court, and has been prepared by V. Lorne Stewart, Secretary of the Older Boys’ Department, and Kenneth H. Rogers, General Secretary of the Big Brother Movement.

The cases came to the Big Brothers in 1932, and after a period of supervision were allowed on their own. Then toward the end of 1938, they were again located and interviewed. ‘Some,’ says the leaflet on the subject that has come to our hand, ‘had become fine, upright, successful young business men. Some had married, and had become the fathers of small families. Others had grown bitter and hopeless in their continued unemployment. Others had gone the hard, sterile way of jail, reformatory, or penitentiary. Comparative figures give a more accurate picture of the situation.

How They Turned Out:
‘Based upon the objective judgements of a ‘group of three’ – a psychiatrist, a psychologist and a social worker – the boys were classified according to three groups, as follows: 115 or 71.5% were rated ‘Successes’; 25 or 5.5% ‘Partial Successes,’ and 21 or 13.0% ‘Failures.’ Boys classed as successes included those who had no prolonged juvenile court record after 1932, had no adult court record, tried to get work, displayed industry and ambition, tried to continue their studies, and who had participated in group activities.’

The factors concerned in the success or failure of these boys, the investigators list under: harmonious homes; the districts from which the boys came, and housing conditions there; the class of companions; police court experiences; education, and supervision.

Four Fundamental Factors:
The study of the ‘failure’ group led to the conviction that ‘four factors are very fundamental – especially psychology – in the causation of crime: (a) Overindulgence, overprotection, and ‘spoiling’ by the home, i.e. lack of independence of thought and action, and lack of the idea of self-reliance; (b) inability to ‘get along’ freely and naturally when playing, working and living with otrhers – a psychological factor underlying these expressions; © idleness; (d) home ‘atmosphere.’ This refers to those tensions that are natural in a home in which there is marital discord, an unsatisfactory relationship between parents and children, low moral standards, or overcrowding.’”

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