Posts Tagged ‘immigration to canada’

George Meeres, “Road building at Mara Lake [British Columbia] by prisoners of war [sic. interned enemy aliens].” Black and white photograph, 1916. Enderby Museum, #3377

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“Jail and the Workingman.” Kingston Daily Standard. Editorial. October 9, 1912. Page 04.

According to the annual return of Governor Corbett, of the county jail, there was a total of 162 prisoners committed during the year ending the 30th September 1912, of whom eight were females. The occupations of these prisoners were: Baker, 1; blacksmith and boilermaker, 1; bricklayers, 1; butchers, 1; cabinet makers, 5; carpenters, 8; cigar makers, 2; clerks, 1; engineers, 1; farmers, 3; hotelkeepers, 1; laborers, 109; masons, 1; moulders, 2; painters, 2; sailors, 1; servants, 6; teamsters, 1; tinsmiths, 1; woodworkers, 1; no occupation, 7; soldiers, 2.

In looking over these figures one is at once struck with the large number of laborers, 109, as against 49 of all other occupations. Two-thirds of the whole number are laborers. It may be said that laborers constitute the majority of working people and for that reason the proportion constitute the majority of working people and for that reason the proportion is not out of the way. That probably is true, but laborers do not make up two-thirds of the population of Kingston, and there are not 109 times as many laborers as there are bakers, or blacksmiths, or clerks or engineers or masons; for we find only one of each of these classes of workmen in jail during the year. The number of laborers imprisoned is clearly out of all proportion to their number in the community.

Only one explanation can be offered for this condition of affairs. A lack of education is at the bottom of it. A boy who is allowed to drift through school and leave it at an early age and is then placed at some work which leads to no trade, business or profession lands among the class of laborers when he reaches man’s estate. He is without a trade or business training and almost always without education except the merest rudiments of it.

The parent who thus neglects his child, who fails to make him attend school or who does not send him to learn a trade or business is almost criminally blameworthy. In Canada there is no excuse for allowing any boy to drift into the class of laborers. Here, there is every chance for any boy to get a fair education or to learn a trade. In the first place, it is the fault of his parents, in 99 cases out of a hundred if the boy does not get that chance; in the second place it is the fault of the State for for not passing and enforcing such laws as will compel the parents to look to the welfare of their children by seeing either that they are properly educated for the professions or are taught a business or trade. Our foreign immigration will provide us with all the laborers we need; it is a disgrace to Canada to have any of her sons among the class of criminal laborers, not because labor is not honourable, but because the people of Canada should be educated to work of a higher nature than that of the mere laborer.

The statistics furnished by Governor Corbett shows that of the 162 prisoners, 12 are Canadians – that is just 112 too many.

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“Two Prisoners for Pen.” Kingston Daily Standard. October 8, 1912. Page 08.

Deputy Sheriff Jarvis, Toronto, arrived in the city on Saturday afternoon with two prisoners for the penitentiary. They were Bernard McMahon, who will serve three years for assault, and Harry Beatty, who will serve the same length of time for theft.
“Italian Sent Down.” Kingston Daily Standard, October 8, 1912. Page 08.

An Italian, Rocco Lombardo, was sentenced to two and a half years in Portsmouth Penitentiary for a vicious assault on two fellow country-men at Toronto. Both the injured men were in court and exhibited the marks of the wounds which had been inflicted.

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“Convict Deported,” Kingston Daily Standard. September 7, 1912. 

A convict in the penitentiary named Jenkins, who had been sent down for theft in Seaforth, Ont., was yesterday deported to England, by Immigration Inspector Devlin.

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“Dom. Police To Stand Trial On Robbery Charge,” Sudbury Star. August 10, 1918. Page 08.

Officers Attached to Local Squad Out on $1,500 Bail Each

The preliminary trials of W. H. Good and F. W. Thompson, Dominion Police stationed at Sudbury and charged with robbing three Austrians of the sum of $95 on the evening of Friday, August 2, were heard in Sudbury police court Wednesday morning and afternoon. Magistrate Brodie, after hearing the crown`s witnesses committed the prisoners to stand trial at the next jury sitting of the Supreme Court, December 2nd. Bail was fixed at $1,500 for each prisoner, $1,000 of their own recognizance, and two sureties of $500 each. Charles Taylor, of Sudbury, is the bondsman. The officers have been suspended from the service.

The first witness to tesity, Evan Slobodan, an Austrian, a laborer on the C.P.R., living in a boarding car, indentified the prisoners, saying that they were the men who on Friday, August 2, came to his car about six o`clock, and started to look through his belongings. When asked to show their badge the policemen did so. Officer Good then felt his pockets and told him to lay his belt on the table, the belt containing a bank book and $140, after which Good told him to show him the contents of his grip at the other end of the car. In the meantime Thompson was counting over the money in the belt. At this juncture, according to the evidence, Good picked up a dagger on the table and asked the Austrian for his papers, but before he could produce them the officers left the car. Slobodian immediately counted his money and discovered that two ten dollar bills and four five dollar bills, $40 in all, was missing. About nine o’clock he complained to the police and accompanied them until the accused were found in Taylor’s pool room.

L. Ardrechich, another witness, in giving evidence said he was stopped by the Dominion policemen in the same care, but that after making him take off his belt and counting the money they handed it all back to him. Asked by the Crown if he was asked for any papers, witness stated that he was not. The only thing that the officers had told him was that he would have to appear in court for having so much money on him. After Good and Thompson left the car he knew nothing more of the happenings until a constable told him to come down to the police station. That was about nine o’clock the same evening.

Steve Dedick looks after the lights on the switches in the C.P.R. yards and claimed to have seen accused come out of one of the boarding cars. He met the officers and was told to put up his hands, and while Thompson was searching him, Good put handcuffs on him. They then told him to take them to the car. Upon reaching the car Thompson took the money out of his pocket and then he was told to unlock the car door. On arriving inside the car, Good asked Dedick to show him his valise, and it was while searching this that Good told Thompson to take $40 out of teh $70 they had taken from Dedik’s pocket. Witness was told to be in the car at 11 o’clock that night as he would have to appear in court, but when they went outside he was told that if he would give ten dollars more it wouldn’t be necessary to appear in court. Witness made no complaint and said nothing about the incident until about ten o’clock Friday night, when a constable came for him and asked him to go to the police station, when he saw Good and Thompson.

The court then adjourned until two o’clock in the afternoon when Metro Cosczuk, another witness, also identified the prisoners as the men he had seen when he entered Dedik’s car on Friday last. Witness said the officers felt his pockets and asked him if he had any knives or guns and after being told that he hadn’t, they told him to stay in the car until they got out.

Steve Maszuk’s story did not throw any new light on the affair other than he had $75 on his person, but was not searched. Before the accused left, they asked him if he knew if any of his partners had any guns or knives.

Sergt. Short testified that about nine o’clock on August 2, Solbodian came to the police station and laid a complaint that he had been robbed and described the men. A search was started and at the post office corner he met constable White and instructed him to go with Slobodian and search the hotels and pool rooms, after which the witness went up to the C.P.R. station. It was while at the C.P.R. station with Chief Brown that constable White had made an arrest. On his return to the police station Sergt. Scott assisted Chief Brown search Good and Thompson. They found $94.75 on the former, and a revolvver, and $4.00 on the latter. Handcuffs were also found on both men.

Constable White told of meeting Sergt. Scott and being told to search the various pool rooms and hotels and told how Slobodian had picked out the prisoners in Taylor’s pool room.

Chief Brown stated that he was present when the search of the prisoners was made and that when he asked them where they got the money, Good replied that it was his pay as a Dominion policeman and some pension money.               

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“Sudbury Police Court,” Sudbury Star. August 10, 1918. Page 05.

Magistrate Brodie intimated in Friday morning’s court that from now on he was going to fine all alien enemies for not carrying papers and Mich. Radomski and D. Mumylyk, hailing from Romford, paid ten dollars and costs for failing to have received permission to come to Sudbury.

Peter Yabokoski was found in an intoxicated condition at the C.P.R. depot Thursday night and when he was searched it was discovered that he had left his papers in a grip at Murray Mine where he had been working. It cost him $10 and costs his fount of joy, and five and costs for not having his papers.

Leon  Michiniowicz was charged with not being employed at a useful occupation on the 9th day of July. He stated that he had worked at the Mond smelter at Coniston but had left owing to ‘his work injuring his health.’ At the time of his arrest he was learning to run a jitney car and at the preent has a jitney. His worship in dismissing the case gave Michniowicz a chance, seeing that he had worked at the smelter five years.

Jules Chalifoux, who was arrested sometime ago for stealing a sum of money on the 3rd of July was allowed to go Friday, owing to the fact that the plaintiff in the charge cannot be located.

A Conistion party appeared Thursday morning to have a family quarrel straightened out. Peter Petryna claimed that Tomas Bilyj had trhown a bottle at him and struck him on the back as he was removing some cases which Bilyj had thrown on the defendant’s property. Much abusive language was exchanged reflecting on both families and the complaint was laid as a result. Magistrate Brodie told the parties interested that the affair was a small thing, expressing a hope that they would go back and live in harmony with one another, and try to patch up there differences. Bilyj was fined $1 and costs.

On Wednesday, Alex. Juval requested the court to let his charge of having liquor in other than a private dwelling stand over until Thursday morning, and after having slept over it, he pleaded guilty to the charge and paid $200 and costs.

The charge against E. Waugh of having more than fifteen days’ supply of flour on hand was dismissed on Thursday, as the court was convinced that he did not have an over supply of flour at one time. In fact, evidence was brought forward to the effect that it would only last him about fifteen days.

When Nathaniel James was told that he was charged with being drunk he pleaded guilty and told his Worship that he was drinking Three Star brandy. It cost Nat. $10 and costs, and he was told that if he didn’t leave the stars alone it would be a prison term next time.

Horace Chamberlain admitted that he was in a hurry and that he passed a standing street car while pasengers were alighting.

‘If you are willing to take those chance it will cost you $5 and costs,’ said his Worshhip.

Hilda Maki, Coniston, after having just been released from the reformatory, again appeared at the court Thursday. The magistrate did not read any charge against the woman, but remanded her to enable two physicians to examine her and ascertain the condition of her mental faculties.

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“Inspector Was Done To Death,” Kingston Daily Standard. July 26, 1912. Page 01.
H. G. Herbert Refused Crippled Alien Admittance to Canada.


Every Bullet Lodged in Victim’s Head – Tragedy Occurred on Ferry at Windsor.

Windsor, July 26 – H. G. Herbert, of Ottawa, travelling immigration inspector for the Dominion Government, was shot and instantly killed yesterday afternoon by a crippled alien, to whom he had refused admittance to Canada.

Wm. Ferguson, a Scotchman, was the murderer. He shot Herbert when the latter was crossing the river to Detroit, firing four bullets. Every shot lodged in the inspector’s head, causing immediate death. The shooting occurred on the ferry boat Excelsior shortly after the boat had pulled away from the Canadian shore.

The murderer was arrested in Detroit, and held by the police.

Ferguson was not in the custody of Herbert but the latter had been present when Ferguson was questioned and told that he would have to return to the United States because of physical trouble. He has but one leg. Herbert happened to take the same boat back to Detroit with Ferguson, and when the latter recognized him, he instantly drew his revolver and shot him dead.

Ferguson broke down last night and compared himself to Cain that murderer of his brother and pleaded for forgiveness. He says it was in the moment of rash passion that he killed Herbert. It is probable the trial will be in Detroit as the murder was committed on the United States side of the imaginary line. Canadian authorities may drop the extradition proceedings with this development.

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“The bank robbery at Rainy River was committed in the Province of Ontario. The administrators of the law should be ready to take great pains and go to any expense in proving to the desperadoes that this is not a good Province for depredators of their class.”

– from the Toronto Globe, July 6, 1909. Page 04.

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“Hunting Bandits Near Rainy River,” Toronto Globe. July 5, 1909. Page 01.

Country is Rough and Pursuers May Lose Themselves.


Three Men Suspected of Ducks Train Robbery.

Seen Walking the Tracks Near Calgary – Hunt Continued All Day Without Success – Mounted Police Also Looking for Walvitch, Wife-murderer.
(Special Despatch to The Globe.)
Rainy River, July 4. – The hunt for the bandits who robbed the Bank of Nova Scotia branch here was vigorously prosecuted all day yesterday in a rough and dangerous country north of here, where the robbers are believed to have their camp, and where the difficulty of following them is so great that few can appreciate it who have not traversed the wilds. The trail of the bandits was lost in the muskegs on Friday night, and although Indian trackers have been secured, they have not been very successful in securing further traces. However, bloodhounds have been telegraphed for, and will be placed on the trail as soon as possible. Several expert detectives have also arrived to direct the pursuit. The international boundary and railways are being closely guarded. The Galician with whom the bandits made their headquarters while in town is being closely watched also, as some of the authorities are not satisfied that he does not know more than they do about these erstwhile guests. To-day he reported to the police that his house had been burglarized last night and a quantity of provisions stolen, and gave it as his belief that the bandits had done it to provide themselves with food, but the police are inclined to regard this as a fake and an attempt to thrown them off the pursuit of the men to the north.

Danger of Losing Way.
The robbers are thought to have planned carefully, and to have a camp somewhere secluded in the woods, where they may remain in hiding for a considerable period. If they did not know the country well escape in the woods would be impossible, as none may venture in there in safety without guides. This is a danger which constantly faces the men who are in pursuit, but the big lumber companies are giving all the aid they can, and sending bushmen to aid the searchers.

Three Arrests Made.
Three arrests were made last night in connection with the robbery of the Bank of Nova Scotia. They are all foreigners, and while they may not actually be the bandits, they are suspected of knowing considerable about the matter. One of them is the Galician with whom the bandits boarded, and two occupants of the house.

Another Daring Robbery
Recently a daring gang has been making its headquarters here, and another cool robbery was pulled off last evening, right in the business hours, when the millinery store of Miss Brown was entered and fifty dollars taken. Miss Brown rooms over her store, and some one telephoned that she was wanted on the branch phone up there. She ran up from the store to answer the phone, and the thief cooly walked in and tapped the till for all the cash. She was absent only a minute, and had been called by a confederate of the burglar.

The Ducks Train Robbery.
Calgary, Alta., July 4. – Early yesterday morning Indians on the reserve at Morley discovered three man walking along the tracks towards the city, whose actions aroused suspicions, as they fled to cover on the approach of anyone. The police here were furnished with a description of them, as one of them tailed closely with Lafferty, the man who was arrested a few days ago at Laggan, on suspicion, of being one the bandits who held up the C.P.R. express at Ducks, but who was released. The officials thought they might have an important clue to the whereabouts of the gang. Squads of police were sent out in all directions to scour the country, and the man-hunt continued all day without success.

Looking for Walvitch.
The Mounted Police also had to prosecute a search for Anton Walvitch, a Bohemian homesteader, who shot his wife near Stetier a few days ago, and who so far has eluded arrest. He is thought to be in this immediate vicinity, and every avenue of escape is being closely watched. Walvitch is well armed and is a desperate man, consequently the police are expecting trouble when they came to close quarters with the criminal. The crime for which he is wanted is believed to have been committed while he was crazed with drink.

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“Two Years For Forgery,” Toronto Globe. July 5, 1918. Page 02.

Austrian Did It to Enable Compatriot to Leave Country.

(Special Despatch to The Globe.)
London, Ont., July 4. – For forging the name of Rev. V. Kosorissoff to enable a fellow-countryman to leave this country, Dionisc Woloshin, an Austrian, was sentenced to two years in Kingston Penitentiary by Magistrate Graydon this morning. He was arrested in Windsor at the time of the recent trouble at Ford City.

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“Bank Robbery At Rainy River,” Toronto Globe. July 3, 1909. Page 01.

Ten Thousand Dollars Stolen From Bank of Nova Scotia.

Held Up The Manager.

Three Armed Men Cover Him With Revolvers.

Safe Was Open and They Had No Difficulty – Pursuit Rapidly Organized and Robbers Followed to the Woods – Accountant Field Accidentally Shot.

(Special Despatch to The Globe.)
Rainy River, July 2. – One of the most daring robberies since the time of Jesse James was pulled off today in this quiet little burgh, when three heavily armed desperadoes entered the branch of the Bank of Nova Scotia, shortly before 11 a.m., and secured between nine and ten thousand dollars in cash. They chose the time well for easy access to the money, as the safes were open at that hour, the manager was alone, and business was proceeding quietly. The bandits entered the office of the manager and covered him with revolvers. While he was thus held helplessly, they speedily gathered up all the cash available and hastily made their escape into the woods north of the town limits. The streets were full of people at the time, but none became aware of the daring robbery which had been pulled off until the alarm was given by the manager of the pillaged bank. The bandits by that time had a short start, and they dashed away into the woods.

Pursuit Organized.
As speedily as possible every available man was armed and sent in pursuit. The river front was closely patrolled to prevent the bandits from escaping back into Minnesota, from which they no doubt came, as the revolvers with which they were armed were stolen from Weeks’ Hardware Company in Spooner, last Wednesday night. The…. ]ing the woods, but pursuit…. difficult, owing to the nature of the country, which is heavily timbered and broken by innumerable streams and lakes. The bandits must either effect their escape over the river or make their way across the wild and rugged country to the C.P.R. The pursuers have an excellent description of them, and their escape should be difficult. They purchased the cartridges at the Rat Portage Lumber Company’s stores this morning, and their appearance was closely noted at the time, which supplemented the description Manager Temple was able to give. Many people also saw them running away from the bank.

Accountant Field Wounded.
While the arming of the pursuers was hurriedly in progress, a regrettable accident occurred, as a rifle was discharged, the bullet hitting Mr. Field, accountant of the bank, in the leg, inflicting a painful wound. The robbers no doubt had their plans well laid before they attempted such a daring hold-up.

The bandits were evidently experienced men, and all the circumstances were in their favor. The bank is located in temporary premises, and the only means of locking the money up was in the safe outside the grille. When Manager Templeton was alone in the bank, this morning, a stranger entered and presented a check to be cashed. There was nothing about him to arous suspiccion, and when the manager raised his head from examining the check he was looking down the barrel of a revolver. He was ordered to throw up his hands, and at this point two confederates of the bandit entered and went behind the wicket. One of them placed a revolver against Mr. Templeton’s neck and the other cash box containing about $10,000 in currency, and disappeared through the door, followed by his pals. The spokesman of the party had a strong foreign accent, and ordered Templeton not to rouse an alarm, or he would ‘keel’ him.

After escaping into the woods they separated, two taking the box and the third running in a different direction, evidently for a rendezvous. It was impossible to communicate with Beaudette, or other points around the town, as the bandits had taken the precaution to cut the wires.

Said to be Russians
The bandits had been boarding in town for a week, completing their arrangements carefully, and the Galician with whom they roomed has stated they are all Russians.

Constable Simpson followed the trail four miles north of the town into the Bad Lands, where pursuit was impossible owning to the muskegs. There are no dogs to trace them and pick up the lost trails, but every avenue of escape leading to the boundary has been closely guarded, and is being patrolled by whites and Indians. The bank has already offered five thousand dollars’ reward for the bandits. They speak English, Russian, and German, and are all men around thirty years of age.

Winnipeg, July 2. – (Special.) – The police here have been notified and will co-operate with the Ontario forces in the effort to land the desperadoes.

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“Two Years for Theft,” Toronto Globe. June 29, 1916. Page 07.

Benjamin Cohen Will ‘Do Time’ in Kingston.

Benjamin Cohen was sentenced yesterday in Kingston Penitentiary for two years on a charge of stealing several hundred watches and other articles of jewelry from his employer, Harry Stein. Israel Samuels was charged with acting as the ‘fence’ who received the stolen jewelry, and was committed to trial by jury on his own election. He was allowed out on $2,000 bail.

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“A Canadian citizen spent eight months in immigration detention. The reason? Agents of the Canadian Border Services Agency “alleged his prints matched those of a fraudulent refugee claimant who was deported to Nigeria in the 1990s,” the Guardian first reported.

In June 2016, Olajide Ogunye provided citizenship papers and an Ontario health card to agents outside his Toronto home. Ogunye has been a Canadian citizen since 1996.

He was nonetheless eventually detained at both Central East and Maplehurst prisons — medium- to maximum-security jails. He is now suing the federal government for $10 million dollars.

His experience is a horrifying one. A key benefit of citizenship is protection from having said citizenship revoked without due process. A federal court affirmed last year that citizenship, once gained, is a right that cannot be easily or quickly stripped away. CBSA agents and immigration officials should not have been able deprive a citizen of liberty with as much ease as they did in Ogunye’s case.

And yet they were able to. This episode exemplifies the failures and fissures of the immigration system, especially the immigration detention process, that need to be addressed.

There is no system of oversight for the CBSA and its officers. It is one of the few enforcement agencies that operates without one.”

– Vicky Mochama, “Canadian Border Services Agency lacks oversight, but that’s only part of the problem.” Toronto Star. June 28, 2018.

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“8 Years for Manslaughter.” Kingston Daily Standard. June 28, 1912. Page 04.

Foreigner is Sentenced at the Soo – Two Sentenced for Assault.

Sault Ste. Marie, June 28 – Guiseppe Nardoni was sentenced at the Assizes to eight years in the penitentiary, following conviction on a charge of manslaughter. He shot Mike Pappa in a west end boarding house during a quarrel last February.

Georges Piarlkias and Mike Apostolakes, two Greeks, on trial for assault on A. Chirocolo, received three and one years respectively.

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“Complaints By An Immigrant,” Kingston Daily Standard. June 28, 1913. Page 02.

Relates to Wages and Refreshments.

Man Was Told He Would Receive $30 a Month, But Was Given Only $12.

A recent arrival from the old country, J. A. Rhodes, told The Standard of the disillusions which awaited him in Canada. One of these related to wages. He was told by an immigration agent in London that he would get $30 a month working with a farmer, while his wife would get $12 a month. On arriving here, he hired with a farmer, nothing had been said about wages at the time, the simple-minded immigrant taking the word of the agent at its face value. After he had been working some time the farmer suggested that they come to some agreement regarding wages, and magnanimously offered the man the princely salary of $125 a year. The employer further showed his generosity by suggesting that if he did not want to stay a year, he would pay him $12 a month to the first of September. Of course, this being the haying and harvesting months, the farmer had some idea that the man would probably earn his salary by working from daylight to dark. The immigrant seeing his $30-a-month salary vanishing, naturally demurred, when his employer conveyed the impression that he ought to be highly elated, as his predecessor was content with twenty cents a day.

Mr. Rhodes asked about employment for his wife, and was told by the farmer that he didn’t want her services. Thus, the employee forced the prospect of maintaining an establishment on $125 a year. He failed to see how he could do this without leaving a worrying band of creditors behind him, when he came to forsake this weary world. Accordingly, he looked about for a more remunerative job, and succeeded in finding one as fireman on a boat. Mr. Rhodes, who is a big, husky man, impresses one as being willing to work. 

Another of Mr. Rhodes’ grievances was as to food. He was given to understand that at each stopping place refreshments would be provided. Three families, inclyding ‘Mr. Rhodes’, arrived here at 3 o’clock in the morning, tired and hungry, but it was not until 9 o’clock that morning that they received anything to eat, and then only a small bag of doughnuts had to do three families. The ladies naturally wanted some tea, but they were denied this. And what was true of Kingston Mr. Rhodes said was true of the other stopping places.

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