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Posts Tagged ‘minimum security institutions’

“Mountain Prison, known as "Buchenwald” to the Sons of Freedom Sect, is situated five miles northwest of Agassiz, B.C. in the Fraser Valley on a prison reserve of one hundred and fifty-eight acres. The prison itself is situated at the foot of Burnside Mountain overlooking fertile farm land and just north of a section of the Fraser Valley which suffered considerable flood damage in 1948.

Construction of this $300,000 maximum security prison commenced in May 1962 and the prison was in operation by July of the same year. All buildings, and their furnishings are metal on cement slabs. The male and female sections are separated by an eight foot barbed wire fence and the two sections are encircled by an eight-foot mesh fence.

The female section is comprised of a combination washroom and hospital, combination kitchen and mess, and one dormitory; is built to accommodate fifty inmates, and has a population of 13. This section is staffed by 9 matrons and supervised by the male administration.

The male compound consists of four dormitories, combination hospital and washroom, and a combination kitchen and dining area. This section is built to accommodate two hundred inmates, has a population of 86 and a total staff of 22.

All administration buildings, including male and female staff quarters, workshop, two-stall garage, stores, visiting room and officer, are constructed outside the perimeter mesh fence overlooking the prison compound.

Immediately after the prison was opened in July 1962, the staff was confronted with a display of stripping and nude parading followed by a fourteen-day fasting which the rebellious inmates would not even pick up their own bedding. All buildings in both compounds are equipped with old fashioned, pot-bellied, wood-fired stoves. The inmates are expected to cut the wood which is hauled in four foot lengths from the nearby Experimental Farm to be used for heating, cooking, etc. This is resented by the inmates who do not believe they should be doing any work. As a result of their attitude, it has been impossible to introduce a proper inmate training programs and, consequently, the inmates are not provided with newspapers, books, radios, tobacco or sports equipment.

The Freedomites prepare and cook their own meals which consist mainly of vegetables, eggs, cheese, etc., and contain no meat or meat products. The majority of them eat more than is required and consequently are over-weight and flabby. 

They are a communal sect and during visits between the two sections which are limited to one half-hour visit each month, their general topic of conversation pertains to discussions on the welfare of their relations.  These unpredictable people refuse to think as individuals and all requests and demands made upon the administration are made as a group. 

Almost  one  year to the day after Mountain Prison  commenced operations, and after many meetings and a prayer service  by  the  inmates, they requested to see the Superintendent.  The officer in charge  realized the precariousness  of the tense situation and contacted the Superintendent immediately, who returned to the prison from Victoria.  Upon his arrival all  the  inmates gathered around him and their declaration of a ‘fast unto death’ was read by one member. This was received in writing and was later to become  a  legal document.

The subsequent fast which began on July 21, 1963, and lasted one hundred and two days hospitalized ten inmates and resulted in the death of one Freedomite. On the advice of the attending physician, the staff  was forced to feed one hundred inmates for approximately two  and a  half months. Because of the limited staff force and acts of violence by some inmates, it was necessary to call upon  the parent  institution, a medical team, and a number of prevailing
rate employees for assistance.

A crucial time during the fast period came with the arrival of approximately seven hundred trekking Doukhobors from Vancouver  and the  interior of B.C. They arrived in cars, trucks, and  buses,  and set up camp at the east entrance to the prison, less than one-quarter of a mile  from  the prison compound. Visits and corresponding privileges with the inmates are not allowed and the trekkers, therefore, resorted to climbing the nearby mountains from where the shout and signal greetings to the inmates. 

Now with winter approaching, activity in the tent town has been brisk. Approximately one hundred and ninety of their crude shelters are being covered with wooden frames, cardboard  and  plastic,  or any  other material that can be gathered from the countryside and from the nearby garbage dump. They are gathering wood for heating and cooking on the makeshift stoves with pipes from old one-quart fruit  juice and oil cans.

Weekends find the road to Mountain Prison and "tent town" jammed with Canadian  and United States tourists seeking a glimpse of these poor confused renegades who have defied all the laws of our land. 

What happens next to this radical  sect is unknown.  The forthcoming winter, with its rainfall and winds which could reach a velocity of sixty miles an hour will, no doubt, test the will of the trekkers to remain at the gates of Mountain Prison.

One thing appears certain, unfortunately. The leaders of the Sons of  Freedom Doukhobor Sect will continue more vigorously than ever to rule the rest of the sect by terror, threat  and  indoctrination. They will continue to despise man-made laws, destroy property,  and  seek public sympathy. All for a cause which we — or  they themselves — cannot understand.”

– Superintendent Raymond Wilson, Mountain Institution, “Mountain Prison’s Fanatical Sons,” Federal Corrections. Volume 2A – No. 4. September-October-November 1963.

Photograph shows two elders of the Sons of Freedom

‘trekkers’ outside of Mountain Prison, in the Agassiz camp, protesting the death of an inmate on fast. Source is

Doukhobor Genealogy Website. From the private collection of the George Henry (“Timothy”) Eaton family, West Vancouver, British Columbia.

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Department of Justice
Federal Prison Camp, Tuscon, Ariz.

$50.00 — REWARD — $50.00

CALVIN HOMES – Reg. No. 1959-TA – FBI Number – Unknown

Escaped from Federal Prison Camp, Tuscon, Arizona, on September 18, 1939, at approximately 9:00 p.m. in company with Stockton Darneille, Reg. No. 2149-TA.

ESCAPE WAS MADE IN GREEN CHEVROLET SEDAN, 1937 MODEL, LICENSE No. B-7411.

(Calvin Johnson Holmes – only known alias)

Sex: Male
Age: 46
Eyes: Blue
Hair: Turning Grey (Receding Forehead)
Color: White
Complexion: Light
Height: 69″
Weight: 178
Build: Stocky
Mustache: None
Nationality: American
Occupation: Salesman

Scars and Marks: None noticeable.

Residence: Terre Haute, Indiana.

Relatives or Friends:
Sister: Mrs. Art Taugaw, R. R. #3, Box 373, Terre Haute Indiana.
Brother: Mr. Kirk Holmes, (Last Known address) 601 Mary St., Evansville, Indiana.

At the time of escape he was wearing blue and white checked denim trousers, white shirt, black oxfords.

Received at Federal Prison Camp, Tuscon, Arizona, on August 4, 1938, on transfer from Federal Correctional Institution, La Tuna, Texas.

Crime: Armed Robbery, Post Office.
Sentence: 25 years.

Reward of $50.00 (Subject to the conditions of Bureau of Prisons Circular No. 2689, amended March 1, 1937).

If apprehended please notify any of the following: Superintendent of the Camp; Director, Bureau of Prisons, Washington, D.C., U.S. Marshal nearest to place of apprehension; or F.B.I., El Paso, Texas, by wire, collect.

C. T. GLADDEN
SUPERINTENDENT

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Citizen advisory committee groups have become a
strong arm in the community, reaching out to local
penitentiaries, helping to understand why resocialization
of inmates is important for the community and the
inmate. The following extracts from a story in the
Gravenhurst News portrays an incisive picture of a
citizen committee working to help correctional endeavors.
Author Michael Cole is a member of the
citizen’s advisory committee working with inmates
and staff at Beaver Creek Correctional Camp, Ont.

I am becoming more and more aware of a very special,
valuable, and unique relationship between Beaver Creek
Correctional Camp and the community in which it is
situated. This article explains why I feel we are “lucky” to
have Beaver Creek in our midst.

I say lucky because Beaver Creek affords us — the citizens
of Muskoka — an unparalleled opportunity to help the
residents of Beaver Creek help themselves get back into the
mainstream of Canadian life, and in return, we are fortunate
in reaping the rewards of the many and varied projects the
fellows from Beaver Creek have undertaken in this
community — most of them at no cost to us whatsoever.
Our relationship with Beaver Creek is a two way — give
and take — affair. But for us to give, we have to fully
understand what Beaver Creek is all about.

Briefly, for those who are unfamiliar, or are new to the
community, Beaver Creek Correctional Camp is a minimum
security penal institution situated between Gravenhurst and
Bracebridge off Hwy 11, with a resident population of about
100, and a staff of 20. There are no bars, no gates —
nothing to prevent somebody getting out — or in — at
any time. The only barrier is a bond of understanding that
exists in the minds of the residents and the administration.

There are rules, to be sure, but on any given day quite a
number of the residents travel into nearby towns to work, go

to the doctor or dentist, do volunteer jobs, or go to a movie.
Many of them get day or weekend passes enabling them to
spend a few days with their families at home.

Residents of Beaver Creek are given something rather incongruous
in a penal institution — freedom. But freedom
implies responsibility. At Beaver Creek the residents learn to
discipline themselves — they work together collectively
trying to maintain as good an image as possible in the
community. Granted, there is the odd unfortunate incident
— usually blown far out of proportion by a sometimes unfair
and ill-informed public — but by and large their percentage
of good deeds to bad is no worse (and sometimes even better)
than what exists in any office, school, or large group of
people here, or anywhere else.

In 1961, when it was announced that Beaver Creek was to
be established in this area, some people felt that the lives of
those who lived near the camp would be in danger. Others
looked at the whole project with some concern, but luckily
these fears quickly faded as people began to learn more
about the camp, and as they realized that their preconceived
notions about the camp had little or no basis in fact.

The Citizens Advisory Committee, of which I am a member,
is composed of 12 men and women chosen from all over
Muskoka. It meets regularly at Beaver Creek and acts as a
liaison between the camp and the surrounding community to
identify the needs of both groups, to try to fill these needs by
creating the situations and opportunities for the Beaver
Creek residents to involve themselves in the community.

As Rev Jim Thompson, another member of the committee
put it, “How can a person who has been artificially separated
from society for a period of time be expected to function
as a responsible citizen on release without a graduai
reintroduction into society.

"This requires mutual cooperation between the institution
and the society surrounding it, and it is in this area that we,
as citizens, can help, if only by changing our own attitudes
toward Beaver Creek.”

Examples of the many volunteer community projects that
Beaver Creek has done are too numerous to list, however
here are a few examples. They do a variety of work at the
Ontario hospitals in Gravenhurst and Orillia. Some of the
residents form a band which plays free at The Pines in
Bracebridge, during the winter carnival, and for other local
functions. Over 40 Beaver Creek men were involved doing
volunteer work during the winter carnival maintaining the fire
in front of the opera house, refereeing hockey games, marshalling
the opening night snowmobile parade, building up
the trail for the snowmobile races, and many more jobs.
They do free maintenance for the Children’s Aid at
Longhurst House in Bracebridge, and at their summer

camp. They do work for the boy scouts and girl guides,
chopping wood, and preparing campsites for them. During
the recent renovations of the Gravenhurst opera house, an
entire crew from Beaver Creek spent hundreds of hours
working on the floors and ceilings of the auditorium.

And they provide assistance to individuals, many of them
elderly, who are unable to do needed repair work on their
homes. All of this is strictly on a volunteer basis, and while
there are problems providing transportation and supervision,
Beaver Creek volunteers are available for this type of work
on an individual basis in either community.

I hope the preceeding will give the reader at least a small
insight into what Beaver Creek is all about. Again, I will repeat
that I feel we are very fortunate to have Beaver Creek
in our midst. Not only do their many community assistance
projects help us, but it affords us a rare opportunity to help a
lot of people that are eager for our understanding and assistance.
They don’t ask for anything really tangible – simply
a thank you when they do something worthwhile, a smile
now and then, and more than anything, they want an opportunity
to prove themselves. Let’s all of us give them this
chance at every opportunity. Let’s replace suspicion with
understanding.

– Michael Cole, “Prison Camp Offers Community Helping Hand.” Discussion, Vol. 2, no. 3, Sept. 1974. pp. 23-25.

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“A Farm for the Poor of Toronto,” Toronto Star. August 2, 1910. Page 02.

Where Aged, Infirm or Sick People May Be Taken Care of by the City.

COUNCIL GETTING POINTERS

From the Institution at Cleveland – Replace the Present Charities.

Will Toronto have an industrial farm like that established at Cleveland, O., seven years ago by ex-Mayor Tom L. Johnson?

Controller Spence and Aldermen John O’Neill and David Spence, who were appointed to deal with the question of establishing an industrial farm here, returned from Cleveland this morning with Property Commissioner Harris, after making an inspection of the institution in connection with that city.

The delegation were much impressed by what they saw, and the information they secured, much of which will be valuable in working out a scheme to establish such a farm in or near this city.

The Cleveland institution is called ‘Cooley Farms,’ after Rev. Dr. Harris Cooley, who planned and effected the organization. It is situated at Warrensville, Ohio, ten miles from the centre of Cleveland, and can be reached by trolley in forty-five minutes. The farm covers a space 2 ½ miles long and ½ miles wide, containing about 1,900 acres of land. The farm is divided into three sections: the infirmary portion, containing 1000 acres, the misdemeanants section, of 800 acres, and the cemetery of 60 acres.

The infirmary cares for curable tuberculosis patients, the harmless insane, and indigents, both sexes being received. One section is devoted to the accommodation of aged people, a separate flat being reserved for husbands and wives, who are permitted to live together. The infirmary can care for 800 people, while the land and buildings devoted to misdemeanants has a capacity of 400.

It is proposed to abolish the workhouse in the city proper, and house all the inmates at the farm.

The greater portion of the land is under cultivation, and the institution is supplied almost wholly with the products of the farm. This, however, does not apply to meat consumption, as comparatively little live stock is raised as yet.

The infirmary and workhouse buildings are widely separated. They are two storeys in height, of cement fireproof construction, roofed with Spanish tile, and are formed with a large oblong space in the centre. In the last-named division armed guards are unknown, their places being taken by farm and mechanical instructors. The men work in the field practically without supervision, except as to methods, and the annual number of escapes since inception average but 7 per cent.

The indeterminate sentence plan is not in vogue, a parole system, which is not regarded as so satisfactory, taking its place. The offender is fined a certain amount and works out the fine at a per diem rate of 60 cents.

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“Wild Chase Catches 3 Mimico Fugitives,” Toronto Telegram. June 30, 1934. Page 01 & 2.

Two Men Still at Large Suspected of Burglary And Hold-up at Elmira

Trail of Depredations Marks Flight of Prisoners – Guns Wielded at Filling Station

With three of the five in custody, provincial and county police of all Western Ontario are combining in the man hunt for the remaining fugitives from Mimico Reformatory, with the search now centred around Upper Wellington and Bruce Counties.

The five escaped from the Ontario Brick and Tile Plant late yesterday afternoon by a unique ruse. It is believed that four of them hid in a dump cart, under a load of tin cans, light refuse and other rubbish while the fifth prisoner drove the dump cart safely past the picket lines and out of the reformatory grounds. When safely away from the plant they abandoned the cart, stole a car in Islington and drove west.

Depredations of the five young gangsters since their escape are said to include one armed hold-up, one burglary, at least three car thefts and an attempt to wreck a police car.

EVENTFUL CHASE
The chase has led from Islington to Guelph then Galt, where one was caught, back on the road to Guelph, two more of the fugitives being caught on foot midway between the two cities, and through Kitchener to Elmira and Alma, where the two remaining at liberty were last seen heading toward Drayton.

Caught in the police net are: Lawrence Burns, 21, of Windsor, Bill Tracy an Bill Taras. Still at large are Frank Gedura, 27, and Alfred Ertle, aged 28.

The two men still at large are believe by police to be the pair who committed a burglary and an armed hold-up in the Elmira district early this morning, getting cash, gasoline, a revolver, cigarettes and chocolate bars.

Mr. and Mrs. John Meyers, operators of a service station three miles above Elmira, were wakened by two men at 3.10 this morning, asked for gasoline, and were then held up by the pair, both of whom had revolvers. The proprietor was forced to fill the bandit car with seven gallons of gasoline by one of the men, while the other snipped the telephone wires, stole $6 in cash and filled his pockets with candy and cigarettes.

REVOLVER STOLEN.
‘Don’t you call anyone, or we’ll come back and get you,’ the bandits told the couple as they disappeared northward toward Drayton in their stolen car, which, a police check showed, displayed different license markers from those stolen with the car.

Before the hold-up near Alma, the hatchery owned by Albert Seiling, in Elmira, had been broken into, via a rear window, and $7 stolen after the men smashed into a desk. A revolver and some other small articles were also taken.

One capture was made at Galt, after police had chased the fugitives at 75 miles per hour across the city until they wrecked the car on Joseph Street, narrowly escaping with their lives in snapping off a telegraph pole.

The two men caught outside Galt were on foot, travelling along the C.P.R. tracks southwest of the city, when seen and apprehended by  a party of Galt, Guelph County and Provincial police. They gave their names as Bill Tracy and Bill Terrance.

STOLE CAR AT ISLINGTON
From the story of the flight as told to Galt police by Lawrence Burns, 21, of Windsor, the first recaptured, all the party of five stayed together on foot until they sole a car at Islington. They traveled to Guelph, where they abandoned the Islington car in favor of a roadster.

The Guelph car was reported stolen at 11.55pm and Galt police were on the look-out. Sergt. Frank Cronin and P.C. Joe Byrne sighted the fugitives going past Galt and chased them into the city. Both fugitive and police cars traversed the city at a 75-mile per hour pace until the roadster slewed over the curb, smashed a pole and was wrecked in a vacant lot. The police caught Burns, but the other four men got away over the coal pile in Sutton’s coal yard nearby.

The smash in Galt was caused when the fugitives tried to swing their stolen auto in the side of the police car as the police pulled alongside, the driver of the police car avoiding the smash and letting the stolen car leap the curb when its driver was unable to stop.

Two of the four who fled from the wrecked car stole another auto, belonging to Oliver Chudney, of Hespeler, and made their further escape in it.

DRIVER WAS ‘TRUSTY’
The escape from the reformatory was spectacular in its simplicity.

Lawrence Burns, a trusty, acted as driver of the wagon. Hailing from Windsor, Burns was serving a sentence of three months definite and six months indefinite and was due to come before the parole board in July. Alfred Ertell, of Brantford, William Taras, of Thoroldd, Frank Gedurza, of Windsor, and William Tracey, of Peterboro, were stated to have ridden out of the grounds with him.

Provincial police, aided by local police, scoured the roads, highways and immediate countryside as the escape was discovered at the usual check-up at the close of the day. Despite a wide search no trace of the men was found. They were attired in the regulation reformatory clothes of blue overalls and shirts.

Authorities at the institution believe that the escape followed a pre-arranged plan occuring shiortly before five o’clock. The dump is located about a half mile from the reformatory and it is usual for trusties to drive the garage wagon to the dump and return without a guard accompanying them.

DONE SMOOTHLY
‘It was all done very smoothly,’ declared Superintendent J. R. Elliott.

‘It was Burns’ last load of the day, and he was driving the team. He just drove through the picket lines as usual towards the dump with the other men under the garbage and when they were out of sight they abandoned the wagon and were seen running across a field.’

The wagon was found abandoned near the dump with every indication that the men had scrambled out from underneath the garbage hurriedly. The fugitives range in age from 19 to 26 years.

Ertell had a sentence of 40 months standing against him due to an escape from Burwash. He is 26 years of age, 5 feet 7 inches tall, about 143 pounds in weight and has reddish hair and brown eyes.

Three others, Caras, Gedurza, and Tracey had previously escaped from the brickyard and were serving various sentences. It is believed the men would try to head for the border and police along the route have been notified to keep a close watch for the fugitives.

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“Inmates Make Effective Use
of Fire Fighting Training,” Federal Corrections.  Volume 2 — No. 3. June-July, 1962

Provision of training for correctional camp inmates
in forest fire fighting techniques paid off recently
in the Bracebridge, Ontario, area, when an inmate
fire-fighting crew from Beaver Creek Correctional
Camp was able to effectively assist Ontario Lands and
Forest Department personnel in bringing a local bush
fire under control. 

The practical proof of the value of this training
came on June 16, when the camp’s Officer K. Knister
received a telephone call from the Forest Ranger’s
office at Bracebridge requesting assistance in extinguishing
a local bush fire. 

Mr. Knister selected four inmates who had successfully completed a fire-fighting course conducted
earlier at the camp, and went with them to the Santa’s
Village area. After receiving instructions, the officer
and four inmates fought the fire for approximately
seven hours alongside one employee of the Department
of Lands and Forests and two civilians, using equipment
provided by the Provincial Government.

For their labour, the inmates were paid by the
Provincial Government at $1.00 per hour. Their
cheques were received by the Accountant at Collin’s
Bay Penitentiary, the Camp’s parent institution, and
deposited in the inmates’ Trust Fund Accounts. 

In recognition of their efforts, Chief Ranger Elliott.
later telephoned Camp Superintendent D.J. Halfhide
to express the Department’s appreciation. Ranger
Elliott congratulated Supt. Halfhide on the inmates’
behaviour, and on the skill they showed in organizing
and in fighting the fire. He made particular mention
(if their use of fire hoes. and their knowledge of the
correct use of fire-fighting hand tools.

   

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SAINT VINCENT DE PAUL / LAVAL MINIMUM

As indicated earlier in this report, the Committee recommends that
this farm be phased out as speedily as convenient. The reasoning behind
this proposal is not based on any one individual factor, but on the
cumulative weight of various considerations.
The farm is now almost entirely surrounded by the urban development
of the community. The land north of Route 25, amounting to about ninety acres)
could be profitably sold. On the south side, a portion of the balance of the
land could also be sold leaving sufficient property to serve as a buffer—zone
for penitentiary purposes.
The Committee was assured that the farm inmates could be readily
absorbed in the work gangs of the Laval Minimum Institution which is usually
short of men to carry out its responsibilities for the servicing of the works
and engineering under its care and maintenance.

Following such a change, more day parolees could be sent to this
institution by changing the selection process to this end. The institution
maintains separate accommodation for twenty—five day parolees in one
dormitory. With the proposed change in selection another dormitory could be
assigned to house an additional twenty—five day parolees. We were informed
that there were a number of day parolees ready to commence their extra mural
activity, backed up in the other regional institutions because of lack of
accommodation at Laval Minimum Institution. This is a most undesirable
situation and any move to extend the Day Parole program would assist in
developing the correctional process which appears to have the highest potential
training value now available.

The farm operation has already been largely phased out so that only the dairy herd remains with the milk processing unit integrated in the dairy
operation. The result is a lack of diversification of training opportunities  found on the other farms throughout the system.
The production of milk averages about 110 gallons a day which is only
about twenty—five per cent of the requirements for the various regional
institutions being served with milk. The balance is processed from powdered
milk and the butter fat obtained from the whole milk supplemented from
commercial sources. It is believed that this re—constituted milk can be
processed more cheaply than the farm herd produces the whole milk. A cost
study should be made of this operation to determine if the milk processing
unit should be maintained to process all the re—constituted required milk or
whether whole milk should be purchased commercially.

The inmate population has changed in the last few years and has become
highly urbanized whereas it formerly contained a number of rural offenders who
appeared to find the farm an acceptable work placement. We were repeatedly
informed that inmates now have to be “forced” to work on the farm resulting in
frequent requests for job re—assignment. There are few native inmates in the
population. Under these circumstances, the training value for the preponderance
of inmates no longer appears to have positive application in this operation.
There was little evidence of post—release employment in farm work though some
inmates had found employment in milk processing in commercial dairies.
While this change in population has also occurred to some extent at
Collins Bay and Joyceville the attitudes about the farm appear to be different
and the cumulation of the other factors leading the Committee to its
recommendation is not present in these other two institutions.

Laval Minimum Institution is unlike any of the other farm annexes in
that it is larger, housing 140 inmates, and is really a works, engineering
and service institution for the various facilities in the area. It performs
this service external to the institution and, in addition, provides its own
service and maintenance program within the institution, carries on the farm
program and houses the Day Parole program for the region. Thus the flow
process of inmate progression envisaged for the other annexes does not apply
as readily in this institution due to the complication of the external service
program. Some suitability of skills is necessary in inmate selection rather
than merely the minimum security category or readiness for Day Parole. With several regional institutions involved, the practice is for Day
Paroles to be granted in the main institutions in most cases before transfer
to this institution.

The inmates at Laval should not be forgotten in the
assessment of readiness and the granting of Day Parole.
It was stated that transportation was no problem for the Day Parole
program which exempts this institution from our general recommendation in
this regard.
With the extensive Day Parole program in operation and an increase
anticipated if our proposal is implemented, the provision of another
classification officer would appear more than justified even though much of
the initial preparation would be carried out in the main institutions. This
would provide three classification officers. It should be understood that
one of the requirements would be for rotation on evening interviews with day
parolees and other inmates in an informal manner supplementing the routine
interviewing schedule. The two present classification officers are of equal
rank and one should be re-classified and made responsible for this department
which is also training students from the Centre of Criminology at the University
of Ottawa.

 The recreation program did not appear to be very active and it is
recommended that a recreational training officer be appointed to develop a
physical recreation program in conjunction with which a gymnasium should be
provided. There is a larger number of inmates in this institution than in
the other annexes and many of them are young active men in need of release
of tension through physical activity. The social and cultural program should
not be neglected.
The development of a Citizens Committee, which is most desirable, may
prove difficult due to the proliferation of institutions in the immediate area.
Such a group could be of great support in drawing on the resources of Montreal
for the social, cultural and informal educational program.

An inmate
committee should also be developed and given major responsibility
to assist in the development of the recreational program in addition to their
other responsibilities.
While it would be possible, if the farm were phased out, to develop
and expand the Day Parole program it would be desirable to shift this into
facilities in the major urban communities at the earliest opportunity in
keeping with the general recommendation in this report. This would leave
empty beds in the institution and would enable transfer of inmates from the
other regional institutions of men under testing for Day Parole. This development
would then enable Day Paroles to be granted directly from this
institution rather than, as at present, mainly from the other regional
institutions.
This would mean that beds would be freed through the region. But
it would require the development not only of a purposeful pre-release
program but also of general programs in which the provision of a gymnasium
would help. This institution would then continue with two main functions —
the servicing of regional facilities and the in—transit housing of men in
pre-release preparation for Day Parole and ultimate housing in facilities in
the major urban communities.

– from Committee on Farm Operations and Annex Programs, Canadian Penitentiary Service, A STUDY OF FARM ANNEX PROGRAMS AND FARM OPERATIONS. March 21, 1973. p. 18-20.

Photograph:

François Fleury, “Poulailler et colonie éleveuse à Saint-Vincent-de-Paul.” 1942. BNaQ.

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