Posts Tagged ‘treatment of alcoholism’

“‘Big Push’ Has Begun On The Drug Habit,” Toronto Star. July 28, 1916. Page 14.

Three Cases Were Tried To-Day and Two Jail Farm Sentences Given.


One of Those Charged Said Dead Mother Had Owned Paraphernalia

From the fact that three cases of alleged illegal use of morphine and other related opiates followed each other in the Police Court calendar to-day, it would appear that the police had begun to start their ‘big push’ against the ‘coke’ traffic, which recent convictions would seem to prove was waxing as the liquor traffic waned.

An elaborate outfit, consisting of hypodermic needles, syringes, a pair of scales and a quantity of morphine sulphate, approximating to 60 grains, formed substantial evidence against Harry Fontroy. Plainclothesmen Scott and Neill testified to having found the foregoing line-up in Fontroy’s possession and to have caught him in the act of injecting the illegal drug in his arm.

The young man, who has both African and Chinese blood in his veins, claimed that he had been cured of the habit. ‘That outfit belonged to my mother, who died two weeks ago. I found it in her drawer,’ he pleaded. Inspector Geddes disproved this claim by quoting a statement which the young man had made to him. He had admitted that he was ‘tapering off with 30 grains a day.’

‘The last time he appeared on this charge he was given leniency on the understanding that he inform the police the source of his illegal supplies. He has not done this.’ said Mr. Corley. Col. Denison committed him to the jail farm for five months.

‘Coke’ Vendor Jailed.
In addition to the foregoing charge, that of having morphine in his possession for other than medicinal purposes, had coupled against him the police claim that he had sold the drug.

In his possession had been found some dozen packages of both cocaine and morphine which Drake had acknowledged he had been in the habit of selling for a dollar a package.

‘This man, I hear, has been taking from 30 to 40 grains a day,’ said the Crown Attorney.

‘He has had consumption for the last eight or nine years,’ his wife stated in explanation of his drug habit.

‘I am curing him slowly,’ she added.

Drake also goes to the jail farm for a five-month ‘cure.’ In the woman’s court Tillie Evans faced with the same charge received a remand for a week.

Proof Enough.
The actions of Isaac Gilbert spoke louder than his words in proving the charge of drunkeness and disorderliness alleged against him. Eveidence showed that he endeavored to take on six feet two of solid constanbulary muscle, and in addition ‘lick the whole street.’

‘You must have been very drunk,’ sighed the squire. An added count against him was his association with a team of horses. The squire felt grieved that the noble animals had to witness such an orgy of inebriation. Remanded for sentences.

Quick Work.
One minute sufficed to change Jerry Long from a prisoner in the dock with a long and substantial record of drunkeness into laborer with the prospect of two months’ healthy toil ahead. Squire Ellis merely looked at Long and knew that his record resembled his name. Twnety dollars and costs or sixty days.

Got the Habit.
Jeremiah Flaherty has the polishing habit. He, according to his own statement, polishes off brass in the day time, and according to the constable, polishes off drinks in quick succession at night. Yesterday he appeared on the same charge. It was but a little drop ‘for his stomach’s sake,’ he claimed. Remanded for sentence.

As both Sandy Jaegar and John Jacobson with one accord disclaimed responsibility for the hostilities in whcih they were found engaged, the court presumed that it must have been the heat of a case of spontaneous combustion. Police evidence, however, tended to show that Jacobson had figured prominently, both at the start and the finish. He was fined $2 and costs or ten days.

‘Pinched’ a Pom.
That Daniel J. O’Shea should consider a pomeranian dog worth the trouble of annexing, appeared rather strange to Col. Denison when O’Shea pleaded guilty to the offence. The owner placed the value at over $10. ‘I consider dogs worth about ten cents gross,’ interjected his Worship. ‘The man stole the dog and sold it to a Mr. Walters for $10,’ explained the Crown Attorney. ‘Mr. Walters subsequently saw the animal advertised for, and at once communicated with the police. O’Shea, who had ‘blown in’ the proceeds of his act, was remanded one week for sentence, on the understanding that restitution would be made. Pinky Pankey Poo was permitted to meander home with his mistress.

Poetry and Prose.
Frank Martin’s poetry, prose and actions are equally bad, according to Squire Ellis’ ruling after a perusal of all. On a grimy car the alleged poet submitted the following:

‘To-day a poor cripple appeales for your aid.
Don’t turn with a sneer or a frown,
For God in His Mercy is the only one knows
When a loved one of yours will go down.’

The prose followed.

‘Price – Please give what you wish.’

His actions, described by himself, were living an exemplary life, and the brisk bartering of many pencils, described by several feminine witnesses, they consist of the exploitation of the grimy quatrain, a fond pressure of the hand, and the claim that he was a wounded warrior back from the war. – $50 and costs or six months.

Not content with the profit pouring into the coffers of his ice-cream soda fountain by reason of the weatherman’s climbing thermometer, Dragutin Radinrobitch, according to the police, ran a sideline in the form of a gambling den. The charge alleged that he permitted these quiet numbers round the table in his ice-cream parlors. Four guilty – $20 and costs or 30 days.

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“Stop Booze Flow First in War Against Crime, Blackwell is Advised,” Toronto Star. October 2, 1947. Page 01 & 03.

“War should be declared on the cause of crime rather than on the rising crime wave, Dr. Margaret Patterson, former Toronto magistrate, said today. She was referring to Attorney-General Leslie Blackwell’s ‘declaration of war on crime’ in the province, particularly bank hold-ups, before a meeting of the Electric club yesterday.

‘The prevalence of drinking is the chief cause of crime,’ declared Dr. Patterson. ‘That’s what we should clean up first.’ She remarked that in most cases before the courts there has been evidence of drinking liquor. ‘We must remove the cause, and alcoholism is the chief cause,’ she maintained.

Liquor Diverts Judgement
‘Even a small amount of liquor diverts one’s judgement,’ she continued. ‘People lose control of their best senses and reasoning and they particularly lose their sense of responsbility to society and good citizenship.’

Dr. Patterson pointed out further that liquor was also a cause in increasing the cost of living today. ‘If men and women spend their money loosely on liquor they have less to spend on necessary commodities like food,’ she said.

Dr. Patterson insisted that alcohol should never be classed as a medicine. ‘It is only good for preserving specimens,’ she declared.

‘Ontario is getting a worse reputation than the United States for murders,’ said Dr. J. R. Mutchmor. The United Church’s secretary for evangelism and social service returned recently from a week across the border and he said that Ontario’s record for murders was attracting attention there.

‘Four out of five of these murders, woundings, and brawlings that we see so much of in the papers have their basis in liquor,’ he said. ‘Cruel and dastardly crimes are the fruit of alcoholic indulgence.’

‘Pumping Beer Into Homes’
‘If Mr. Blackwell would make a start by checking the flood of liquor that is flowing over the province he would be doing something that would help to check crime before it is committed. It is not good enough to go around picking up the corpses.

‘The Ontario system of promotion of beer sales is pumping beer into the homes at a far greater rate than ever before.’

‘The attorney-general’s so-called declaration of war is too late and aimed in the wrong direction,’ declared J. B. Lawrason, paper box manufacturer, today. ‘How can you promote the liquor traffic in Ontario, as the Drew government has been doing, and have anything else but a wave of crime? Every dive where these fellows hang out is wide open, day and night. When they commit a hold-up most of the money goes on booze. They are all heavy drinkers.’

Drew Policy ‘Biggest Curse’
‘The biggest curse we have in Ontario right now,’ Mr. Lawrason emphasized, ‘is the Drew liquor policy. Liquor control here is a laugh: its liquor promotion is of the most iniquitous sort. I am not exactly a prohibitionist, but Drew’s liquor business should be made decent. It’s not decent, as everybody knows, and the government isn’t doing a thing about it. Crime should be attacked at its source, in those booze-guzzling dives.

‘The old open bar was a thousand times more respectable than Drew’s system. In barroom days, a person at least he had to stand up. In the places Drew has established you sit down and drink until you can’t get up.’

‘It would make law enforcement much easier in Ontario if the Ontario government would put a check on liquor consumption,’ said Dr. C. W. DeMille, secretary of the Ontario Temperance Federation. ‘Attorney-General Blackwell says he wants police who are ‘educated, qualified, and honest.’ It might be well to put some emphasis on that word ‘honest.’ Complaints come into this office of undue leniency in liquor cases. We are told that complaints of breaches of the law are made, but nothing is done. If word is passed along that inspections are to be made, it is not likely that evidence will be easy to get.’

He said charges of careless driving in many cases should be ‘drunken driving.’ But the financial factor might enter into enfoecement of the law in this reards. A fine of $50 for careless driving brought some revenue, whereas a jail term for drunken driving brought no income.

‘A good preliminary step to the campaign against crime would be to lessen the flood of liquor,’ he declared.

‘Get Ride of Cause’
‘The Drew government had better wash the sleep out of its eyes and look in the right direction for the cause of our current crime wave,’ Dr. H. M. Wilkinson, dentist, stated. ‘Everyone who reads the paper must be aware of the fact that the Drew government’s liquor policy is responsible for our crime wave. The way to cure the crime wave that the attorney-general is talking about is to get rid of the cause, but if the government insists on giving free-reign to the cause, then how can anything but increased crime be expected? The connection between the government’s liquor-promotion policy and accidents and hold-ups must be obvious to everybody.’

H. R. Pollock, shoe merchant, said: ‘If the attorney-general is really sincere in wanting to stop crime, I think he would have a great deal more success if he attacked it where crime obviously begins, in Ontario’s enormous liquor traffic. Liquor and crime are pretty close companions.’

Ask Drew to Keep Promise
Special to The Star

Peterboro, Oct. 2 – ‘The churches remember Premier Drew led the attack for more beer,’ said Dr. J. R. Mutchmor, secretary of the United Church board of evangelism and social service, speaking to the provincial W.C.T.U. convention here last night.

‘The churches remember Ontario’s chief brewer boasted the attack would succeed,’ he said. ‘Early consumption figures prove him right. But that was just an opening skirmish on the Ontario provincial front. The churches defeated a similar move in other provinces. The church will win a like victory in Ontario, and they will do it because they have a common front.’

Can’t Get Information
‘Some politicians may cry out against ‘troublesome priests.’ But the fact remains the conscience way is the victory way,’ he said.

‘We would like to have Ontario’s figures, but cannot get an iota of information from Queen’s Park beyond March 31, 1946 – 18 long months ago. Repeated efforts to pierce Premier Drew’s iron curtain have been unsuccessful.

‘All Protestant churches are in this fight now,’ he said. ‘The position and record of the Baptist church is well known. The Presbyterian church board responsible for its temperance leadership is well organized.

‘Recently in Saskatoon the Church of England strongly condemned Premier Drew’s action in bringing back the old bar in the guise of cocktail lounges to Ontario. It warned other provinces not to be misled. Here is the warning – ‘If this method (Premier Drew’s) is pursued in other provinces, it will mean Canada will have gone back to the old days of 40 or 50 years ago of wide-open sale. The Church of England will fight against going backward.’’

Lauds Church Effort
‘The temperance record of the Roman Catholic church is one of victory,’ Dr. Mutchmor continued. ‘Ever since the late Cardinal Villeneuve, and the archbishops and bishops of Quebec, some 11 years ago said, ‘that a good Christian does not drink,’ they have kept up a heavy attack on the liquor evil. IN Montreal, within recent months, the Roman Catholic church has closed brothels, cleaned out drinking dens, compelled a strengthening of the police force, and in many other ways won temperance victories.

‘The witness of the Protestant and Roman Catholic churches against the liquor evil is the chief ground of our temperance victory hopes.

‘Speaking in the Ontario legislature April 2, 1946, just prior to the second reading of the Liquor License act, when well over 60 Conservatives voted wet, Attorney-General Blackwell stated selling package beer into homes of Ontario was part of its government’s policy. The flooding of Ontario homes with beer is also the police of the brewers, and for the obvious reason this kind of sale enables the brewers to make maximum profit.

‘A possible government-brewer coalition is the chief threat to the temperance cause,’ he warned. ‘Evidence accumulates to the point of compelling conclusion such a coalition may now or soon will exist. Such a coalition could centre its attack on the home.

Brewers Dictate Policy
‘During the hectic debates of last autumn, winter and spring, both the premier and attorney-general promised their beer-to-the-home policy would be altered in one respect, namely, in government operation of the package beer outlets. But the brewer’s objection, has been too much for Premier Drew and Attorney-General Blackwell. Whatever the cause, not a single outlet of the brewers ha been taken over by the Ontario government.

‘To get a promise of even a partial remedy of a bad situation was a promise of victory. Now in face of a tragic increase in brawlings, woundings, and murders in Ontario, all temperance forces must demand, first: Premier Drew at once make good his promise; second, Col. Griesinger so staff outlets that sale sale of beer to homes where brawling and strife occur, be stopped. Ontario’s terrible crime and murder record must be reduced.

Speaking of the cocktail-habit danger, he said:

‘A young girl much-pressed to take a cocktail during the first visit to a friend of her mother’s, was driven to despair. In tears she sought the advice of an older woman friend. Both went to the hostess and the story of struggle was related, with the result it was the hostess who broke down and cried, confessing she, herself, was against cocktail serving in her home, but her older daughter’s argument there could not be a successful party without them, had prevailed.

Need No Beer to Be Smart
‘The point is the foibles of the upper 10 should have no influence on the established ways of our Christian homes. Hospitality and good fun have no dependence upon cocktails. We can be smart and modern without beer bottles. Mothers and fathers must not step down present standards because of any false codes that include liquor drinking.

‘Today’s home-front victories are more assured because of the call of all the churches to voluntary total abstinence. This is the call and policy of the Roman Catholic church with its three strong abstinence societies, two for the men and one for women, steadily at work. Their leaders report thousands of converts.’

Dr. Mutchmor called for better temperance teaching in schools. ‘This poses a problem in Ontario where the premier is also minister of education,’ he noted.”

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