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Posts Tagged ‘xenophobia in canada’

George Meeres, “Road building at Mara Lake [British Columbia] by prisoners of war [sic. interned enemy aliens].” Black and white photograph, 1916. Enderby Museum, #3377

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“The rise of Fascism around the world has been happening quickly and it’s a lot to take in. So we wanted to take a minute to review the electoral gains made by anti-immigrant & far-right movements here in Québec and Ontario over the past few months.

It’s only been a month since François Legault’s CAQ won a majority government in Québec and they’ve already made it clear that they intend to decrease the amount of immigrants arriving in the province, make new immigrants take language and ‘values’ tests, ban non-Christian religious symbols in the civil service, and further privatize the health care system.

In Ontario, it’s been over four months since Doug Ford’s PC party won a majority and they’ve already rolled back minimum wage & basic workplace protections, privatized prescription drug insurance, returned elementary & high schools to a 1998 sex-ed curriculum, and threatened to withhold funding from universities that won’t host Fascist speakers.While both these right-wing parties were influenced & supported by far-right movements, neither are themselves Fascist.

 But in the short time since their victories, we’ve started to see more explicitly white nationalist candidates become electorally viable.

In Toronto’s mayoral election this past week, white nationalist Faith Goldy came in 3rd place. She beat the only leftist candidate in the race and received over 25,000 votes.In Mississauga’s recent mayoral election, far-right anti-Muslim candidate Kevin Johnston came in 2nd place, receiving over 16,000 votes. He accomplished this while also defending himself in court over hate crime charges.

Elections aren’t accurate measures of popular opinion. And as Anarchists, we don’t put stock in them as vehicles for the kind of political change we need. In fact, we strongly believe that attempts to achieve state power are not the answer. The reason we’re focusing on elections is because they’re becoming an increasingly possible bridge between far-right movements and the state power they desire.

Now, the Canadian government certainly doesn’t need Fascists at its helm to continue the ongoing genocide against indigenous peoples, to promote imperialism around the world, repress labour in the name of capital, or to continue to impose systems of structural white supremacy, patriarchy, ableism, and cis-heteronormativity onto the territories it stole through colonization. But today’s growing Fascist & other far-right movements are beginning to view the prospect of state power as a realistic horizon. And this prospect represents a mode of state repression that we’re largely unequipped to resist.

It’s also important to note that this isn’t coming out of nowhere. The rapid growth of the far-right has been made possible by decades of centre-right political gains.

While a lot of attention has been paid to the way far-right groups have influenced and supported certain parties and candidates, the lines of support and influence are in fact cyclical, flowing in both directions.

On a national level, you can draw a straight line between the Liberals’ post-911 fear mongering (the ‘Anti-Terrorism’ and ‘Public Safety’ acts, the use of Security Certificates against Muslim men, Project Thread & other baseless cases brought against Muslims), the Conservatives’ mid-2000s anti-Muslim attacks (the ‘Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices’ act, attempts to ban Muslim women from wearing the niqab, the proposed hotline for people to make accusations against Muslim neighbours), and the growth of anti-Muslim groups like PEGIDA Canada or the WCAI. 

 A similar line can be drawn between the anti-immigrant discourse of the Liberals’ border policy reforms (shifting from immigrants to ‘temporary foreign workers’ in the 1990s, the creation of the CBSA), the Conservatives’ expansion of those policies in the mid-2000s (referring to refugees as criminals, vastly reducing new immigrants, increasing ‘temporary foreign workers’, detentions, and deportations), and the recent growth of anti-immigrant groups like the Soldiers of Odin, Storm Alliance, or the Northern Guard.

In Ontario, 8 years of PC attacks on poor and working people, massive transfers of wealth and reductions of social services, followed by 15 years of Liberal Party ‘austerity,’ created public messaging (and a dire economic context) that now undergirds most far-right organizing in the province. 

Over the past 25 years, both parties consistently attacked organized labour, built public support against them, and normalized back to work legislation as a means to end strikes for good. It’s not surprising that workers experience attacks and death threats at picket lines today.

On a more local level, a quick survey of the wards where Faith Goldy drew the most support closely resembles the map of Rob Ford’s support base, built back in 2010 & since expanded by his brother. Again, the far-right’s growth isn’t coming out of nowhere.People have been well primed for Fascism by exposure to decades of racist, nationalist, and capitalist propaganda from the Canadian political mainstream. 

As far-right media outlets like The Rebel have begun to eclipse more mainstream publications, it’s easy to forget how much groundwork was laid before their arrival.In Québec, over a decade of multi-party anti-Muslim rhetoric laid the groundwork for the growth of far-right anti-Muslim groups like La Meute, Atalante, and last year’s mass murder at the Québec City Islamic Cultural Centre. Between the Liberals’ ‘Reasonable Accommodation’ debate & Bouchard-Taylor Commission, the PQ’s ‘Charter of Quebec Values’, the Liberals’ Bill 62, and the CAQ’s upcoming ban on non-Christian religious symbols, there’s been an anti-Muslim consensus within Québec’s political mainstream.

Politicians in Québec have spent years stoking xenophobia to harness fading nationalist sentiment, now successfully mobilized against Muslims and immigrants on a mass level. This has translated into mass support for far-right groups in Québec, who have been growing rapidly and increasing their influence on (and proximity to) state power.In Ontario, support for the far-right hasn’t reached the same level but it’s growing. And these movements are beginning to use elections to normalize their ideas and expand their base. 

With media outlets like The Rebel and Ontario Proud now reaching wider audiences than most mainstream publications, this growth seems set to continue.

In this context, we need to take the far-right’s aspirations for state power more seriously and understand how elections increasingly fit into their strategy. But responding with leftist electoral campaigns is a strategy doomed to cooptation and failure. 

Only by building popular resistance to the ideas of both the far-right and the political mainstream that paved their way (including false electoral solutions) can we win. Because if the Fascists achieve state power, it won’t matter how good we are at fighting them in the streets.”

– Treyf, “The Far-Right and Recent Elections in Ontario & Québec.” October 26, 2018.

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“Is Sentenced For Stabbing,“ The Globe and Mail. October 25, 1938. Page 03.

Sudbury, Oct. 24 (Special). – The sequel to a stabbing affray at Capreol last June, in which William Burman, 46, met his death at the hands of Steve Masluk, Ukrainian lumberjack, was written in supreme court here today when Mr. Justice J. McTague sentenced the accused to two years and six months in Portsmouth penitentiary.

A murder charge against Masluk was reduced to manslaughter after the evidence was heard last week.

Mr. Justice McTague pointed out that although manslaughter carried a term of life imprisonment, he was inclined to be lenient as Burman was the aggressor in all fights of which evidence had been given.

‘I think you might have been provoked to the point of drawing a knife, but that is one thing you must learned, the use of knives cannot be tolerated in this country.’

The supreme court justice dated the sentence from the time of Masluk’s arrest on June 7, the day the stabbing took place.

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“Sudbury Police Court,” Sudbury Star. August 10, 1918. Page 05.

Magistrate Brodie intimated in Friday morning’s court that from now on he was going to fine all alien enemies for not carrying papers and Mich. Radomski and D. Mumylyk, hailing from Romford, paid ten dollars and costs for failing to have received permission to come to Sudbury.

IN WRONG, SURE.
Peter Yabokoski was found in an intoxicated condition at the C.P.R. depot Thursday night and when he was searched it was discovered that he had left his papers in a grip at Murray Mine where he had been working. It cost him $10 and costs his fount of joy, and five and costs for not having his papers.

PREVIOUS RECORD COUNTED.
Leon  Michiniowicz was charged with not being employed at a useful occupation on the 9th day of July. He stated that he had worked at the Mond smelter at Coniston but had left owing to ‘his work injuring his health.’ At the time of his arrest he was learning to run a jitney car and at the preent has a jitney. His worship in dismissing the case gave Michniowicz a chance, seeing that he had worked at the smelter five years.

ALLOWED TO GO.
Jules Chalifoux, who was arrested sometime ago for stealing a sum of money on the 3rd of July was allowed to go Friday, owing to the fact that the plaintiff in the charge cannot be located.

A Conistion party appeared Thursday morning to have a family quarrel straightened out. Peter Petryna claimed that Tomas Bilyj had trhown a bottle at him and struck him on the back as he was removing some cases which Bilyj had thrown on the defendant’s property. Much abusive language was exchanged reflecting on both families and the complaint was laid as a result. Magistrate Brodie told the parties interested that the affair was a small thing, expressing a hope that they would go back and live in harmony with one another, and try to patch up there differences. Bilyj was fined $1 and costs.

$200 AND COSTS.
On Wednesday, Alex. Juval requested the court to let his charge of having liquor in other than a private dwelling stand over until Thursday morning, and after having slept over it, he pleaded guilty to the charge and paid $200 and costs.

CASE DISMISSED.
The charge against E. Waugh of having more than fifteen days’ supply of flour on hand was dismissed on Thursday, as the court was convinced that he did not have an over supply of flour at one time. In fact, evidence was brought forward to the effect that it would only last him about fifteen days.

THREE STAR BRANDY
When Nathaniel James was told that he was charged with being drunk he pleaded guilty and told his Worship that he was drinking Three Star brandy. It cost Nat. $10 and costs, and he was told that if he didn’t leave the stars alone it would be a prison term next time.

TOOK CHANCE
Horace Chamberlain admitted that he was in a hurry and that he passed a standing street car while pasengers were alighting.

‘If you are willing to take those chance it will cost you $5 and costs,’ said his Worshhip.

BACK AGAIN
Hilda Maki, Coniston, after having just been released from the reformatory, again appeared at the court Thursday. The magistrate did not read any charge against the woman, but remanded her to enable two physicians to examine her and ascertain the condition of her mental faculties.

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“Express Men Are Accused Of Theft,” Hamilton Spectator. July 21, 1919. Page 18.

Trio Remanded Until Tomorrow For Hearing

Alien Heavily Fined For Carrying Knife

Only One Crock Owner Roped in Since Saturday

In police court to-day, James Shuler, a husky brave from Hagersville, faced a charge of assaulting Mrs. George Oram, as she was waiting for a car in the Terminal station. James denied having assaulted anyone.

‘Are you an Indian?’ the magistrate asked.

‘Oh, I guess I’m a mongrel,’ replied Shuler with a grin.

‘Well, you are fine $10. You’ve got to learn that women must not be molested,’ the court pronounced.

THEFT
Charles Burton, Sylvester Riddell and John Kivelle, three trainmen, were accused of stealing from the Canadian Express Company. The case was remanded for one day. All three young men come from Allandale.

ON OWN BAIL
On the request of his attorney, Alec. McFarlane, Thomas Finnigan, 100 Napier Street, was remanded for one week. He was charged by John Hodges with false pretences and by James Clancey with theft. Mr. McFarlane explained that the charges were not of a serious character and related to some differences between partners which he thought could be settled within a week’s time. Finnigan was allowed to go on his own recognizance.

TO CONSULT LAWYER
Martin Phillips, who was arrested in New York several days ago on a charge of stealing money order blanks from the Dominion Express company, was granted one day’s remand by the magistrate. Phillips pleaded for time to consult a lawyer.

HAD ALCOHOL
P. C. Roughead noticed Andrew Walaskan, 127 Cannon Street east, walking down the street and acting in a most suspicious manner. A search of Walashan’s person revealed a small bottle of alcohol and the shattered fragments of the O.T.A. tinkled on the sidewalk about him. Andrew admitted the breach. 

‘Fined $200,’ the magistrate decreed.

CARRIED KNIFE
When Van Cabarich, 922 Burlington street east, was searched, the police found a long, keen, steel knife in his belt. Cabarick admitted carrying the weapon.

‘One hundred dollars or three months in jail,’ the magistrate promptly declared.

DIDN’T DO IT
When P.C. Myers was wandering up Maple avenue he saw a group of boys standing in a circle.

‘They were going through the motions of shooting crap,’ he explained.

Three of the group, Fergus Fitzgerald, 166 Florence street; Gordon Weaver, 66 Locke street, and Frank Sheehan, 67 Inchbury street, swore that there had been no gambling going on, and the magistrate dismissed the case.

REMANDED
Juan Powzzy, an olive-skinned native of Mexico, was arrested by Detective Shirley yesterday on suspicion of vagrancy. He gave Toronto as his address and was remanded for one day to enable the police to investigate his past life.

DRUNK
Louis Louin, 95 Birmingham street, was drunk early this morning. He was assessed $20.

‘Were’s you drunk yesterday?’ the court asked George Blaicher, Mount Hamilton.

‘Yesterday?’ George faltered. ‘Why, I was sick.’

But the court didn’t believe it, and charged Blaicher $20.

ON CAR STAND
S. B. Fuller, 170 Stanley avenue, allowed his car to be parked on the cab stand and was fined $2.

‘There’s nine cars parked on the cab stand now,’ remarked Fuller as he left the court.

SCORCHED
H. E. Smye, 164 Duke street, succeeded in driving his motor-car 28 miles an hour on Main street east yesterday afternoon. He paid $10 for the little prank.

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“Stiff Sentence For Foreigner,” Hamilton Spectator. July 10, 1918. Page 07.

Ponzani Must Serve Ten Years in Kingston

Slashed Fellow-Countryman With a Razor

Wyrtz and Collins Drew Six Months Each

Ten years in Kingston Penitentiary was the punishment given to Anthony Ponzani who appeared to answer a charge of assault on the person of Rocco Celeste before his honor Judge Gauld in the county criminal court yesterday afternoon. Tonnizaini Scacchi, who had been apprehended on a similar charge, was allowed to go free, as the evidence did not warrant a conviction.

The crown’s case having been presented in the morning. M. J. O’Reilly, K. C., in the afternoon pleaded self-defence on behalf of the prisoners. When Scacchi was in the box he told the court that the plaintiff and another foreigner had threatened him after he had refused to go and drink with them. He maintained that the complainant was somewhat under the influence of liquor. Shortly after this the prisoner stated that he was forced into a fight by Celeste. At this point Ponzani arrived on the scene. Seeing this, the plaintiff, it was claimed, started to throw stones at the two prisoners. Then Ponzani started to carve up the complainant in self-defense.

Ponzani swore that Celeste started all the rumpus by knocking him down and otherwise ill-treating him in one of the stores located in the foreign section. A short time later he again came across his alleged assailant. he claimed that he was greeted with the words ‘Are you here again.’ That another onslaught of the previous kind was threatened was his defense for immediately drawing his razor and slashing the plaintiff. When he was asked how it was that he was carrying a razor he told the court that he had used it in the morning and had not bothered to put it away.

In passing sentence, Judge Gauld admitted that the plaintiff should not have struck the prisoner in the first place. However, fifteen minutes had elapsed and that did away with any possibility of defense on the ground of provocation. ‘The fact that he had a razor showed his desire to use it,’ continued his honor. ‘The explanation that he put it into his pocket is not satisfactory. It is fortunate for Ponzani that the plaintiff was not killed. The charge would then probably have been murder. According to this code this man is liable to imprisonment for life. Death would have been result had the wound been a little deeper. It is necessary for the protection of citizens that such a man should not be at large. I sentence him to ten years in Kingston penitentiary.’

When sentence was passed, the prisoner’s friends came up to him one by one and kissed him good-bye.

SIX MONTHS AT FARM
Steve Wyrtz and Dannie Collins got six months apiece at the prison-farm for breaking into the premises of Hugo Mueller, 183 Charlton avenue east, and stealing a quantity of cloth. Collins had already begun to serve a six months’ term for breach of the O.T.A. and his sentence will run concurrently with the other one.

Police Constables Chamberlain and Snellen said that they found the two men walking down one of the local streets with the cloth.

The explanation offered by the prisoners was that they had found the cloth outside Mr. Mueller’s shop and that they were going to take it back to him. Both of the accused stated that they were under the influence of liquor at the time.

His honor before passing judgement said that it would be wise to have men addicted to the habit of house-breaking out of the way, when so many people were away from their homes in the summer.

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“Three Years in Kingston For Daniel Gerome,” Hamilton Spectator. July 9, 1918. Page 01.

Man Who Wielded Knife Must Also Pay $500 

Another Foreign Stabbing Affray Aired In Court

Bicycle Thief Given Term in Local Jail

Three years in Kingston penitentiary and a fine of five hundred dollars was the sentence handed out by Judge Gauld to-day to Daniel Gerome, who stabbed M. Gaspar. Two hundred dollars of the fine will go to the injured man.

IN passing sentence his honor pointed out the seriousness of the offence, and also observed that the depletions of the police force by the M.S.A. might tend to cause individuals to take the law more in their own hands.

If the fine is not paid two more years will be tacked on to the sentence.

R. J. McKenna was the prisoner’s solicitor.

CASE ADJOURNED
Anthony Ponsoni and Umbuti Scaccki were charged with assaulting Roceo Celesto.

Colesto claimed one of the prisoners met him in a store on Sherman avenue and challenged him to a fight.

The man stood with clenched hands in his pockets, and then Celesto decided to get in the first wallop. When the trio got outside the two men, he alleged, attacked him. One of them three a stone, which knocked him down, and the other jumped on him and slashed him with a razer. Celesto showed the court various wounds about the head and neck, alleged to have been inflicted in this manner.

Miss Annie Otto, a nurse at the city hospital, who attended Celesto, testified that if the cuts about the head had been a little deeper the patient might have died.

The case was adjourned until this afternoon at 2 o’clock.

M. J. O’Reilly, K.C., is acting for the prisoners.

THREE MONTHS
Although Harry Case pleaded not guilty to the charge of stealing a bicycle from Charles Lovett on June 14, and insisted he bought the wheel for $8, his horror sentenced him to three months in jail. Constable McLean laid the charge. C. W. Bell represented the prisoner.

SUSPENDED AND REMANDED
T. A. Cutss, a mechanic in the Royal Air Force, who was accused of stealing a car, was allowed to go suspended setence. Pte. William Smith, who was arrested along with him on the same charge, was again remanded for sentence. Smith, it appears, was the instigator of the act. He asked Cutts to go for a ride with him, it was stated.

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