Feeds:
Posts
Comments

Posts Tagged ‘young offenders’

“La stratégie de l’Éducation surveillée est de ramener dans ses filets un secteur qui a priori relève plus du périmètre de compétence de la juridiction et du juge des enfants, ou tout du moins qui est placé dans son orbite, tout comme les services sociaux auprès des tribunaux. Or deux des quatre attributions de la Direction sont : «le contrôle des services sociaux fonctionnant auprès des tribunaux pour enfants» et «le contrôle des mesures relatives à la liberté surveillée des mineurs». Certes, une grande partie de son activité et la totalité des investissements en personnel sont consacrées à la gestion et à la réforme des internats d’observation et de rééducation pour lesquels elle a fort à faire. Mais elle ne peut se désintéresser de la cure libre, qui, dans les instances et congrès internationaux, est présentée comme le versant symétrique du placement en internat (ou son prolongement en milieu libre), indispensable à développer.

Pour J.-L. Costa, la liberté surveillée devient «un procédé de portée générale, l’instrument juridique de la politique des tribunaux pour enfants», à condition qu’elle soit organisée. Son organisation est l’œuvre des délégués permanents. Le délégué permanent est normalement nommé par le juge des enfants, mais sa rémunération suppose un agrément de la Chancellerie, ce qui peut ainsi apparaître comme un contrôle déguisé. En l’espace de quatre ans, la situation de ces délégués va rapidement évoluer. Un véritable processus de professionnalisation s’amorce dans la mesure où les trois conditions nécessaires à une reconnaissance professionnelle sont remplies : la nomination, le statut, la rémunération. La direction de l’Éducation surveillée se donne les moyens de constituer un corps professionnel intermédiaire. La difficulté est qu’ils sont auxiliaires de la justice et que le seul modèle professionnel dans le genre est celui des assistantes sociales. Là où la liberté surveillée s’était affirmée et distinguée, dans la période de l’entre-deux-guerres, comme le trait d’union entre le privé et le tribunal, elle tend à devenir, à partir de 1946, le relais entre l’État (par le biais de son administration) et le tribunal. En 1948, le directeur de l’Éducation surveillée, en même temps qu’il cherche à clarifier le rôle de cet auxiliaire de justice, estime «qu’il conviendra, dès que ce sera possible, de réviser les dispositions de l’arrêté du 1er juillet 1945 et de faire nommer les délégués par le garde des Sceaux, sur une liste dressée par le juge des enfants». La circulaire du 1er juin 1949 franchit une étape supplémentaire. Elle répond à la nécessité de «recruter un personnel de qualité, possédant une formation sociale et psychologique solide et des connaissances juridiques et administratives assez étendues». Elle fixe leur nouveau statut et modifie leur recrutement : désormais ils seront contractuels et seront nommés par le garde des Sceaux. Leur situation est alignée sur celle des assistantes sociales et assistantes sociales chefs, ainsi que leur rémunération. L’amélioration du recrutement des permanents «qui tendent de plus en plus à devenir des techniciens sociaux» ouvre, selon la direction de l’Éducation surveillée, de nouvelles perspectives à l’institution de la liberté surveillée. Le terme de technicien social pour désigner le délégué permanent, indique qu’il est l’artisan de l’adaptation de la liberté surveillée au milieu social et familial.

La direction de l’Éducation se rallie à la double perspective ouverte par la frange la plus innovante des juges des enfants, d’une part, de réaliser par le biais de la liberté surveillée l’observation en milieu ouvert, d’autre part, de sortir la liberté surveillée «du champ trop étroit de l’enfance délinquante pour exercer tous ses bienfaits d’assistance et de prévention dans celui, beaucoup plus vaste, et tout aussi intéressant, de l’enfance à protéger». C’est, à l’époque, en juillet 1948, qu’est déposé par Germaine Poinso-Chapuis un premier texte de projet de loi sur la réforme de la protection de l’enfance en danger moral.

Ces deux points font l’objet de discussions lors de la 3e session d’études des juges des enfants qui rassemble 29 magistrats à Marly-le-Roi en novembre 1949. Plus globalement, des juges des enfants, à l’instar de Jean Chazal, juge des enfants au tribunal de la Seine, qui dès 1947 a fait part de son expérience d’organisation de la liberté surveillée au tribunal de la Seine, renouvellent leur vision de l’action du délégué à la liberté surveillée et de son rôle. L’action du bénévole est débarrassée «de tout caractère paternaliste», elle se substitue au tutorat moralisateur de l’entre-deux-guerres. Désormais elle se veut efficace, moderne, attentive aux conditions d’existence du mineur, à sa santé, à son travail et à l’organisation de ses loisirs ; elle est construite sur une relation d’aide et de soutien; par le biais de «l’accrochage affectif», le délégué cherche à gagner la confiance de l’enfant.

Certains pensent que l’un des principaux ressorts de l’éducation en milieu libre est l’action sociale ; le rôle du juge des enfants est incontestable, dans un pays appelé à «devenir une Nation essentiellement sociale». «Le juge des enfants participe à l’action sociale» dira plus tard un autre juge des enfants témoignant de son engagement. «Personnage plus social que judiciaire» autour de qui s’organise un ensemble fonctionnel, embryon d’un équipement local: «service de la liberté surveillée, centre d’accueil, service social d’enquête, foyer de semi-liberté, service de placement».”

– 

Jean-Pierre Jurmand, “«Promesses» et trahison, une histoire de la liberté surveillée au lendemain de la seconde guerre mondiale en France.” 

Revue d’histoire de l’enfance «irrégulière». Volume 17 | 2015: Naissance et mutation de la justice des mineurs. pp. 173-175.

Advertisements

Read Full Post »

“Prison Terms Are Meted Out,” Hamilton Spectator. October 8, 1938. Page 01.

Three Years For Costello, Two For MacAvella Imposed By Court

A
total of six years in prison terms was imposed on three men who
appeared before three men who appeared before Judge Ernest F. Lazier in
county criminal court Friday afternoon.

Frank Costello, aged 21,
one of a family of seven children, was sentenced to three years in
Kingston penitentiary when he pleaded guilty to four charges of theft of
automobiles.

Douglas MacAvella was sentenced to two years in
Kingston penitentiary when he was convicted of the theft if six auto
batteries from the Super-Lastic Sales corporation. He was acquitted of
the theft of an automobile.

Albert Peddie was given a one-year
term sentence for theft imposed in magistrate’s court, when Judge Lazler
convicted him of breaking into the garage of Robert McKee, Cannon street
and Sanford avenue, and the theft of electric drills and other tools
from it.

Appearing for Costello, Joseph D. Sullivan said he had a
‘heart to heart’ talk with him at the jail, but could only account for
his misdemeanours by his disposition toward recklessness.

‘I agree
with Mr. Sullivan that a reformatory term would have no effect in
redeeming him’ said George W. Ballard, K.C., crown attorney, handing
Costello’s record card to the judge.

Detective Albert Speakman
testified as to auto thefts in August and September when cars were stolen
belonging to James Ray, Grimsby Beach; Hertbert Ticker, Toronto; Harold
Jaggard, Cathcart street, and R. A. Bergdorf, York street.

Car Smashed
Mr. Tucker’s car was found near Dunnville badly smashed, Detective Speakman told the court.

Called
by the crown to testify in the MacAvella case, two young women and a
young man who were playing tennis on the courts of the First United
church, said they saw the accused carry batteries and place them in a
car on August 26. Judge Lazier found there was insufficient evidence to
justify his conviction for auto theft.

MacAvella denied theft of
the batteries, and added he had obligingly thrown back two tennis balls to
the young people who had testified against him.

In Peddie’s case,
Detective Speakman told of stopping the accused in his car, finding a
wrecking bar, hacksaw, tools and a large pair of snips. Robert McKee,
proprietor of a garage which was broken into, identified some of the
tools by his initials on them.

MacAvella and Peddie were without
counsel. Both had records. The convicted trio were led from the court
room, their hands manacled together.

Read Full Post »

“Escaped from Burwash; Sent To Kingston,” Ottawa Standard. October 8, 1918.

Two Young Men Start Early on Downward Career.

Sentences of two years in Kingston penitentiary were meted out to two young men, Joseph Claro and Norman G. Williams, who pleaded guilty in Tuesday’s police court to escaping from Burwash Industrial Farm. The two seemed thoroughly repentant for their action, but the court thought that their chances for parole would be better at Kingston than at the institution they had just left.

Young in Crime
Norman Williams is but 20 years of age. He was sentenced at Toronto to serve a term for the theft of an automobile. On the 24th of September he escaped from custody and when caught was taken back with just a warning. On October 4th, he escaped again in company of Joseph Claro, alias Joseph Cleroux. This man has a bad record, with a previous term at the penitentiary, time in local jails and a reform school, and a lengthy sentence at Burwash ahead before his elopment. He and Williams escaped from the Industrial Farm, made their way along the rail line, evading the guards searching for them, and absconding with a motor car in Copper Cliff….
[damage in original]
….consecutively with the sentences they were serving.

‘Notwithstanding your youthfulness you are dangerous characters to be at large, and if I send you to Kingston Penitentiary I think they will be able to help you there,’ Magistrate Askwith declared.

Their recapture Tuesday afternoon was effected by Inspector Joliet and his squad after an exciting chase through New Edinburgh. Shots were fired by the detectives.

Read Full Post »

“Comes to the Pen,” Kingston Daily Standard. October 5, 1912. Page 03.

Troubles of a Man Who Stole to Pay Wedding.

Windsor, Ont., Oct. 5. – A month ago Charles H. Doss, aged 22, of Leamington, stole $80 from his former employer, in order to marry Miss Grace Dodge, of Leamington. The wedding took place and the young couple went to Detroit, to live. A week after the ceremony Doss was arrested for theft, brought back to Windsor and committed for trial.

Yesterday he was arraigned before Mr. Justice Britton at the Sandwich assizes, found guilty and sentenced to two years in Portsmouth.

Doss was without counsel. His bride, who is but 19 years old, was not in court, and her parents say she will have nothing more to do with him after his release.
===
“Bad Prisoner Arrives.” Kingston Daily Standard. October 5, 1912. Page 03.
—-
Dr. Webster, Sheriff of the County of Halton, and A. W. Gallop, arrived in the city last night with John Laird, who will spend two years and one day in the penitentiary for house-breaking. The prisoner, a young man 20 years of age has a bad record and has served several terms in jail and six in Central Prison. He was kept in the police station over night and taken to the penitentiary this morning.

Read Full Post »

“Immoral Women Are In The Toils,” Sudbury Star. August 21, 1918. Page 08.

From recent arrests made by Provincial Constable George Grassick there has apparently been an influx of immoral women from Montreal into this district of late. They have been given short shrift by the provincial policeman, however, as two of the number already taken into custody say they have been in the district but two weeks. They have been making their headquarters at Stobie Mine. On the occasion of the police visit to the place, however, only one girl, Cecile Gauthier, was found at home. Ellen Sunden has since been arrested, while a girl named Hilda is still at large.

CLEAN UP THE NEST
The two girls so far arrested have pleaded guilty, but have been remanded for sentence for a week.

‘Clean up the nest,’ Magistrate Brodie told the police when he deferred sentence Tuesday morning.

WANTS TO MARRY GIRL
A young well-dressed Italian, with a brush cut and of a smart appearance, came forward to the dock in Tuesday’s court and offered to marry the Gauthier girl if the Magistrate would release her. The girl is but eighteen years old, well dressed and good looking. After a few questions the magistrate decided against the union, for a time at least.

GAUTHIER GIRL’S STORY
Cecile Gauthier told the court that she came of good people in Montreal and that her step-brother was a Jesuit Father in that city. Addresses were given the court. The girl continued that she had left Montreal in company with two other girls and had told her parents that she had secured a position with a Montreal family as nurse girl and companion. From Toronto they came to Sudbury, which proved to be the end of their journey, the trio running foul of the provincial police.

Read Full Post »

“Burglars Are Sent Down,” Toronto Globe. August 7, 1918. Page 02.

Brockville, Aug. 6 – (Special.) – Alfred Picard, Alfred Rogers and Napoleon Deladure Utayne of Montreal, convicted of burglarizing Doyle Bros.’ store at Prescott recently, were sentenced to-day to two years each in Kingston Penitentiary. A fourth man, Wilfred Pressau, was given a year in the Ontario Reformatory. The first three named had previous convictions.

Read Full Post »

“City Items,” Montreal Daily Witness, July 12, 1871. Page 03.

Mary Ann Sullivan, a girl of only 10 years of age, who recently escaped from the Reformatory, was arrested yesterday by Constables Armor and Martel, and to-day was sent back to the Reformatory.

Escaped. – Yesterday a boy named Louis Vian, aged 15 years, was arrested by the detectives on suspicion of being concerned in the Gault outrage. The circumstantial evidence against him was very strong, and a handkerchief which belonged to Mr. Gault was also found in his possession. After his arrest, he was put in the cell along with other prisoners to await examination at the Police Court to-day. During the night, however, Master Louis Vian managed to effect his escape by, it is believed, crawling through the ventilator in the cell door. The aperture in question is less than nine inches square, and Vian must have been very dexterous in getting through and afterwards clearing off from the building without being noticed. Three or four persons previously arrested on suspicion of being concerned in the Gault outrage, were to-day shown to Mr. Gault, but the latter failed to recognize any of them, and they were sent to jail as vagrants.

Attempted Imposition By A Carter. – Until cabmen are peremptorily and severly dealt with, their daily tricks and impositions on the public will never be put down. Charles Lapointe, 21, carter, who resides in Craig street, was charged at the Recorder’s Coourt to-day with refusing hire. It appears that on Tuesday morning Mr. Treasurer Black came off the Quebec boat and prisoner was one of several cabmen who solicited hire. Mr. Black hired Lapointe, who on second thoughts wanted to know where he was going, and if to a fire, and finally, with an oath, refused to drive him. Chief Penton gave Lapointe anything but a good character, and His Honor said that this system of carters bullying people and levying black mail must be stopped; and every case proven would be severely punished. Lapointe was fined $8 or one month in jail.

Loafing Vagrants. – At present there seems to be an unusually large number of loafing vagrants about the city. Louis Deschamp, 35, alias Leon Richer, laborer, from St. Urbain street; Michel Dubois, 34, laborer, St. Dominique steet; Xavier Beauvais, 27, carter, carter, Papineau Road, and a disreputable woman named Adeline Lefebvre, 29, were arrested at 5 o’clock this morning by sub-Constables McCormicck and Depatie, who had watched the gang for some two hours previous, when they were in a field off Sherbrooke street. At the Recorder’s Court to-day, it was stated that the prisoners are strongly suspected of being concerned in some recent robberies, and His Honor committed them each for two months; also Joseph Dupont, 20, vagrant, from Campeau street, against whom the detectives are working up a case of burglary.

Sarah Alcock, 44, an old vagrant, Mary Ann Lanigan, 29, and Elizabeth Dunn, 29, both found loitering on Champs de Mars, were each committed for a month; also Mary Ann McDonnell, 45, and Ann Meaney, 23, who were found in a drunken disgraceful state on Logan’s Farm. His Honor said that a law would soon be in force, by which vagrants for second offence may be committed for two years.

Alphonese Labreque, 24, laborer, and who, the police stated, was the ‘fancy man’ of the keeper of a brothel, was arrested along with Joseph St. Jean, 27, stone-cutter, loitering with a prostitute, and they were each fined $2.50 or 15 days in jail.

POLICE COURT – WEDNESDAY. – A woman who was arrested on a charge of breaking a pane of glass in the door of E. Costello, was discharged for lack of evidence.

Edmund Fegan 62, a vagrant from Common street, was arrested for stealing coal on the wharf and was committed as a vagrant for two months,

Eliza O’Brien, wife of James Mourney, of Colborne Avenue, was charged with using insulting language to Catherine Mullins, wife of James Mourney, Jr., and was fined $10.75, including costs, or fifteen days in all.

Damase Piebe, shoemaker for assaulting Augustin Guibord, was fine $7 including costs or 15 days.

George Clarke, Fil, alias Williamson, alias Henderson, charged with stealing four billiard balls belonging to Mr. Chadwick, St. James street, was remanded for examination. The balls were found in his possession, but Clarke says he brought them with him from the United States early in June last.

RECORDER’S COURT – Wednesday – This morning the sheet contained fifty cases, and nearly one-third of those were persons arrested in connection with a house of ill-fame in St. Elizabeth street, where the police made a raid last night. With such a programme before the Court it was no wonder that the place was thronged by those peculiar and miscellaneous personages, the largest proportion of whom are of a vicious character, who watch the rise and fall of the criminal barometer with an interest that is whetted and increasing in proportion as the details are disgusting.

Frederic Lafontaine, 32, agent, or manager of the Toronto House and Edward Rheaume, 24, shoemaker, who got quarrelling and attempted to fight at the door of the above tavern, were each fined $2.50 or 15 days in jail.

Fabien Beaudouin, 22, carter, drunk in Notre Dame street; Daniel Murphy, 40, agent from Quebec, drunk in St. Paul street; François Ganthier, 48, blacksmith, drunk in Panet street; Michael MccGeary, 36, laborer, drunk, in Commissioner street; J. Bte. Deslauriers, 52, laborer, drunk in St Paul street; J. Bte. Braurmter, 58, laborer, drunk in Perthius street; Jos. Power, 19, laborer, drunk in Manufacturer street, and Daniel Gibson, 34, a respectably dressed man, drunk in Cahboulez Square Fire Station, also a woman, were each fined in small sums for being drunk; while Richard McDonnell, 27, baker, drunk in the city cars, was fine $2 or 15 days.

George McNeil, 32, shoemaker, and George McNulty, 55, laborer, both drunk in Lacroi street, and insulting people, were each fined $2.50 or 15 days.

Joseph Howie, 26, shoemaker, was fined $5 or 30 days, for loitering in Campean street with a prostitute, named Adeline Lefebvre, 39, who was committed for a month.

Thomas Cleary, 29, mechanic, residing in Dorchester street, got drunk last night, and was smashing the furniture and threatened to throw his wife out of the window. As the wife failed to appear, Cleary was let off with a fine of $2.50 or 15 days in jail.

Read Full Post »

Older Posts »